Orpheus was the son of the muse Calliope and was a very talented and distinguished musician. When the birds heard his lyre, their wrecking was interrupted to enjoy him while all the wild animals were tamed. Even the trees lurked to hear the music that was being moved by the wind. Some believed that his father was the god Apollo and that he had given him his lyre.
Eurydice was the wife of Orpheus. She was so beautiful that she would beloved passionately from Aristaeus. He persecuted her everywhere, but Eurydice continually rejected his suggestions. One day, Eurydice, running to escape from him, pushed a snake that bit her and killed her.
Orpheus was saddened so much that he became crazy. So, he decided to take his lyre and to travel to the Underworld, the kingdom of Hades. He was determined to bring his wife back. So, his song chewed up the ferry Charonas, who carried him to the other bank of Acheron with his boat. Orpheus’s music managed to get down to Kerberos, the terrible dog that guarded the underworld gates, while his soft notes made the pain of the martyrdom of the spoiled.
Eventually, Orpheus managed to get ahead of Pluto, who was anxious that a mortal man managed to enter his kingdom undisturbed. But the music of Orpheus waved and touched the Underworld- God, who wept with iron tears. At the same time, his wife, Persephone, begged him to hear what Orpheus had to say.
Pluto finally decided to satisfy Orpheus’s desire. His wife, the beautiful Eurydice, could follow her husband with a term: Orpheus would not turn to look back, until Eurydice would go out into the world.
Orpheus began to climb the path of return, which would take them away from the dark kingdom of Hades. During their course, they played joyful melodies leading Eurydice’s shadow back to the world. But, when he arrived and saw the sunlight, he turned back to look and make sure that his wife followed him. As she looked at her, she was worn and shuddered as a shadow. Orpheus had lost her forever.
From now on, he was so much desperate that he hated everything. Orpheus did not return to look at any woman; he wanted nothing to remind him the death of his beloved wife. The Maenads, however, were outraged, because they despised. The women attacked him and cut him in pieces. They threw his head to Evros, as he sailed and continued to sing: “Eurydice, Eurydice!” Then, while crying, the Nine Mousse picked up the smashed body of Orpheus, to bury it in Mount Olympus.
Some say that since that day, the nightingales of the mountain were singing in the sweetest way than any other child. It was because Orpheus finally mingled with his beloved wife Eurydice. The Maenads who had killed Orpheus, were condemned by the gods with a punishment worse than death. As their legs triumphantly hit in the ground, their fingers began to leap and crouch in the ground. Their legs turned out to be wooden and heavy, as their body. Finally, they transformed into oak trees. So, they remained in the years, until hollow trunks reached the ground.