What colours could reveal about our personality?			No ratings yet.

What colours could reveal about our personality? No ratings yet.

Colours… Colours are everywhere… Wherever you look, you realize that life is full of millions of colour shades. Among this barrage of colours that emerges around us, you may, certainly, find your favourite one. What does that mean to you, though?

“Nature always wears the colors of the spirit.” (Ralph Waldo Emerson said)

Definition of colours

 

It is widely known that colours consist of two substances: light and energy. Colours have always existed in our lives. Colours will always exist in our lives.  Colours are an integral part of anything around us and the human being is born and grows surrounded by multiple colour shades that change due to the angle and the amount of the sunlight. This magical, exceptional phenomenon of colours has either a positive or negative impact on the physical or the mental condition of the individual and directly affects the individual’s mood, nature and personality due to the fact that each colour on the palette appears at a specific frequency and it is processed and perceived in a special way by the human brain.

Tests conducted on blind people made the fact that colours play a significant role on people’s mood clearly understood. Since they were given differently coloured handkerchiefs, they only had the sense of touch to feel the colour of each one of them. The results were amazing! All the participants were able to find which handkerchief had a specific colour pointing out that there were differences in their textures. Specifically, according the findings of these tests, there were:

  • Blue is the colour of calm and quietness;
  • Orange is the colour of joy, pleasure and delight and it’s the symbol of the rising sun;
  • Purple is the colour of relaxation.

“Colors, like features, follow the changes of the emotions.” (Pablo Picasso said)

Why does the human brain, however, perceive the colour shades differently? Why do colours affect the individual’s mood and feelings?

 

The importance of colours in our life

 

The individual is surrounded by colours and, as the individual grows up, he or she gains more knowledge about them. In this way, the individual discovers the natural colours, colours that come from nature itself as well as the artificial colours that are created for aesthetic purposes.

The colours of nature refer to specific activities in and of themselves, such as the body activity during the day or the body’s inaction, inertia, during the night.

On the other hand, the artificial colours are those that are directly related to social institutions and are predetermined by society itself, representing concrete concepts, such as black is associated with death and mourning.

More generally, it is understood that the way colors are perceived is influenced by multiple factors, such as:

  • the environment, in each case,
  • the heredity,
  • the age,
  • the gender,
  • the social context

“All colors are the friends of their neighbors and the lovers of their opposites.” (Marc Chagall said)

However, according to research, each colour has a specific impact and this impact can be detected in everyday activities, such as

  • when choosing clothes to wear,
  • when decorating the house,
  • when choosing foodstuffs/food products,
  • at family, personal or social events,
  • in commerce,
  • when treating a patient or when an individual is being treated as a patient,
  • in advertising

as well as in many other activities. In addition, according to research, most people choose colours that reflect their emotional condition, their mood or even their mental state at any given time. That means that depressed people, for instance, usually choose clothes in dark colours while well-balanced individuals, happier people or children tend to wear clothes in bright colours.

However, have you ever thought what might be behind the colour preferences that an individual may have?

Research has shown that the brain perceives certain colours in different ways. Warm colours, such as red, orange and yellow, evoke intimacy as they create a welcoming feeling while cool colours, such as blue, purple and green, are usually calming and soothing but they can also call to mind feelings of sadness or indifference.

“It’s ok to show all your colors.” (Luis Guzman said)

There is a clear difference of opinion as far as the reason why the brain perceives certain colours this way.

 

Theory related to the impact of colours on the brain

According to the first theory referring to the way that the brain is influenced by the colours, there is a natural association of colours with the corresponding feelings. From the very beginning, the human brain interprets the colours in a specific way, considering the frequency of their occurrence.

 

Theory related to the impact of colours on the brain

According to the second theory referring to the way that the brain is influenced by the colours, the emotions are created in the brain depending on the experiences and the facts of life.  In short, it’s a product of learning that is acquired throughout life. The reason lies in the fact that the brain has learned about the relevance of red colour to the danger, that of the yellow colour to joy and the relevance of black colour to something negative

So far, science has not come to conclusions regarding this issue. However, according to both theories, the brain interprets and processes the different colours creating specific feelings, either positive or negative ones.

“Light in Nature creates the movement of colors.” (Robert DeLaunay said)

What do colours mean and represent?

 

The colour psychology is based on the mental and emotional effects colours have on people in all facets of life. According to the colour psychology, the individual’s emotions are classified considering the classification we make as regards the colours.

                Warm Colours

Warm Colours are made with orange, red, and yellow and they tend to make you think of warm things, such sunlight and heat. These colours create strong emotions ranging from comfort, joy, warmth to hostility, nerves, anger, and fuss. Warm colours often evoke feelings of happiness, optimism and energy. It has been scientifically proved that, through the shades of warm colours, the heartbeat is growing and, at the same time, the brain is filled with the hormone of adrenaline, which increases the energy, stimulates the appetite and, in general, the power of the individual.  Being surrounded with warm colours for a long time may create overwhelming, irritating or frustrating feelings.

                Cool Colours

On the contrary, cool colours are thought to be calming, relaxing and reserved. They create gentle, mild feelings such as the tranquility, the rest, the relaxation, the serenity and the sadness. These feelings may increase the creativity of the individual, put the brain at ease and provide the individual with a balanced serenity. This excessive relaxation can also lead to sadness and sorrow.

As mentioned before, colors affect moods and emotions. For example, the red spectrum affects our physical energies. It is stimulating and warming. Blues are cooling and cleansing, affecting our spiritual energies. The yellow shades serve to bridge them, affecting our mental energies. The three colors together provide opportunities for healing our body, mind, and spirit.

You may have a detailed look of the emotional connotations that are caused by the colour shades, according to Max Lüscher, a pioneer of the colour psychology; specifically:

COLOUR POPULARITY

(% IN POSITIVE ANSWERS)

EMOTIONAL CONNOTATION
RED 64,3% stimulates the emotional arousal, increases the pulse and heart rate, raises the blood pressure, raises the body temperature, increases lower metabolic rates, enhancing human metabolism, combats the fatigue, helps in depression, increases the respiration rate, passion / irritability, bad temper, moodiness, nervousness, used against scarlet fever and measles, used against fever, used against toothache, against anemia, action, healing properties, aggression / energy, determination, mastery, control, body temperature increase, counteracts anemia, affects the circulatory system by activating the blood circulation , love, attack, offence, assault, determination, decisiveness, stubbornness, extroversion, outgoing behaviour, competitiveness, strength

ALSO…

caution, anger, temper, danger and destruction, aggressiveness, violence, gives the person a sense of power, can be used for colds, poor circulation, anemia, and mucus ailments, strengthens the physical energy and the will of the individual

YELLOW 93,9% boosts the nervous system, stimulates the self-esteem, helps with arthritis, helps in treatment regarding skin problems, helps in treatment against allergies, can be used for depression, relaxation, tranquility, calm, peacefulness, creativity, optimism, liveliness, vigour, brightness, curiosity , extroversion, joy, gaiety, merriment, positive thinking, jealousy, envy, stress, pressure, unease, anxiety, depression, good for despondent and melancholy conditions, awakens an enthusiasm for life, awakens greater confidence and optimism, effective in the treatment of digestive problems, helps to balance the gastrointestinal tract
GREEN 95,9% it can be applied beneficially in cardiac conditions,, it can be applied beneficially in high blood pressure, it can be applied beneficially in headaches, it is calming both physically and mentally, it is balancing to the autonomic nervous system , it is restful and emotionally soothing, it is the color of nature/environment as it is the most predominant color on the planet, power, strength, hope, better quality of life, respect, harmony, balance, it is cooling, soothing, and calming both physically and mentally. If you are exhausted, green initially has a beneficial effect, but after a time, it becomes tiring, it is the colour of energy, youth, growth, inexperience, fertility, hope, and new life

ALSO…

stability , boredom

BROWN   Logic, practical sense, stability, tradition, reliability, diligence

ALSO…

stability

BLUE 79,6% it slows the blood pressure, it slows the action of the heart and is therefore good for tachycardia, it slows the respiration rate, it strengthens and balances the respiratory system, it is good for over-excitement, it is the color for truth, devotion, calmness, and sincerity, it helps to reduce headaches and migraine, it is very effective in easing all childhood diseases, along with asthma, chicken pox, jaundice, and rheumatism, it helps against fever, it helps against stress, pressure, unease, anxiety, it helps against problems with bones, eyes, ears, it helps against insomnia, it is beneficial to venous conditions of the body, it is beneficial to endocrine disorders, it can also be used to awaken intuition and to ease loneliness, it is the color of intuition and the higher mental faculties, it helps calm the mind and helps in concentration and productivity, Order / security, It suppresses the appetite for food, logic, low profile, confidence, faith, calm / stability, it is the color for truth, devotion, joy and sincerity , cleverness, intelligence, communication, tranquility, peace of mind

 

ALSO…

coldness, aloofness, cautiousness, reserve, self-restraint

MAUVE/PURPLE OR VIOLET 64,3% it helps with the vision, it helps with the hearing, it balances psychological problems, it helps slowing down rapid heartbeat, it helps with the eyes, wealth, picturing something in the mind; visualizing things, it gives authority, prestige

 

ALSO…

Insecurity, sadness / mourning, melancholy

GREY 7,1% neutrality; detachment, compromise; conciliation, low profile

 

ALSO…

coldness; reserve; lack of friendliness or lack of emotion, isolation

ORANGE it helps with the asthma, it stimulates feelings of socialness; it combines physical energy with mental qualities, it can assist us in healing conditions of  depression, it stimulates and increases the pulse rate without affecting the blood pressure, it is tied to our emotional health and the muscular system of the body, energy increase, it enlivens the emotions, and creates a general sense of well-being and cheerfulness, it is useful for bronchitis, rheumatism, muscle spasms or cramps of all kinds, joy, enthusiasm; excitement, happiness, optimism, warmth; homeliness; geniality
PINK tenderness; softness; gentleness, innocence, feminity, love, it is soothing, it can be used for treating skin conditions and inflammations as well as the immune system,it is comforting to the emotional energies of the individual
BLACK 19,4% Fulfilment, It shows maturity, It shows elegance, formality; etiquette; dignity, it relates to the hidden, the secretive and the unknown, and as a result it creates an air of mystery, strength, elegance, splendour; majesty; impressive physical presence, deep thoughts, sophisticated appearance, It is grounding and calming, especially to extremely sensitive individuals, It activates the magnetic or feminine energies of the body, strengthening them, It promotes resistance, obstruction, opposition, and enmity, It wards off  hatred and negative emotions

 

ALSO…

 

Fear /threat, depression, death / misery, coldness, loneliness

WHITE 61,2% It conveys the message of freedom, Optimism, It attracts positive energy, joy, it symbolizes innocence, it symbolizes purity and spirituality, it symbolizes simplicity, sterilization, faith, hope, sincerity, glow, glamour, brightness

 

ALSO…

empty, blank

We should know that the choice we make in colours in not made by chance; but it reveals elements of ourselves, our way of thinking… It also reflects the impact of the surroundings on the individual, the individual’s strengths, weaknesses and needs at any given moment.

Colours can dramatically affect moods, feelings, and emotions. “Colours, like features, follow the changes of the emotions,” the artist Pablo Picasso once remarked. Colours are a powerful communication tool and can be used to signal action, influence mood, and even influence physiological reactions. Certain colours have been associated with increased blood pressure, increased metabolism, and eyestrain.

Below you will be able to rank yourself according to your favourite colour and find out what kind of personality you are. Think about your favourite colour and find out what is your personality type!  It is this instinctual choice of a color that tells you a lot about yourself, how you function and how others see you. It is the means to understanding your behaviour and your character traits as well as your physical, mental, emotional and spiritual states. It reflects the way you operate in the world, your strengths and weaknesses, your vulnerabilities, your deepest needs and your challenges at that time in your life.

“I try to apply colors like words that shape poems, like notes that shape music.” (Joan Miro said)

Red

If your favourite colour is red, you are an action-oriented individual with a deep need for physical fulfilment and to experience life through the five senses. If your favourite colour is red, you are an extroverted and optimistic, courageous and confident individual.

Individuals who have red as their favourite colour are dynamic people who have strong survival instincts. Red is also considered an intense, or even angry, colour that creates feelings of excitement, dynamism, or intensity. These people have a passion and enthusiasm for life, are not afraid to pursue their dreams and goals, they are self-confident and they have no fear…

Their determination helps them fulfill their goals and dreams. They have a strong need for power and control. These individuals prefer to be leaders; they are self-obsessed and egocentric people who want to excel in different issues. These individuals enjoy challenges and, sometimes, they are competitive.

Being a strong personality and a very stubborn and headstrong person, such a person acts with courage and zest, trying to see the positive side of life. Energy, power, and spontaneity may be misinterpreted and such a personality may be considered as irritable, bad tempered or aggressive. However, this individual is an extrovert person who does not go unnoticed. This individual lives in the present and is optimistic about the future. This individual gains the respect of the others, wants to be a pioneer in life and engages others due to this individual’s dynamism.

 

Positive and Negative Traits

 

Positive keywords include: action, energy and speed, attention-getting, confident, energizing, stimulating, exciting, powerful, passionate, courageous and strong, spontaneous and determined.

Negative keywords include: aggressive and domineering, over-bearing, tiring, angry and quick-tempered, ruthless, fearful and intolerant, rebellious and obstinate, resentful, violent and brutal.

 

Blue

Blue is a colour often found in nature such as the pale blue of a daytime sky or the rich dark blue of a deep pool of water. It is for this reason perhaps that people often describe the colour blue as calm and serene.

Individuals who have blue as their favourite colour are people who know well how to control their emotions. These people do not smile very often as they spend a lot of time thinking before they act. These people are considered to be reasonable, logical, organized and disciplined.  They do not trust others easily but other people trust them. They have an inner strength and tranquility and they always try to avoid stress.

These people enjoy being surrounded by other people but they do not accept lies, deceit and hypocrisy. They prefer dealing with honesty, commitment, dedication and loyalty. Stability and seriousness are main features of this personality. Blue evokes melancholia, nostalgia and peace. These people are dreamers and well-balanced individuals.

These people know what they want in life and they act mainly based on reason. They need peace and tranquillity, without many problems or agitation. They can be easily hurt since they are emotional, sensitive and soft-hearted people. They take steps forward but they are not impulsive. On the contrary, they are reliable, firm in their beliefs, self-disciplined and scrupulous people.

 

Positive and Negative Traits

 

Positive keywords include: loyalty, trust and integrity, tactful, reliability and responsibility, disciplined,

Negative keywords include: being rigid, depressed and sad, too passive, self-righteous, conservative and old-fashioned, aloof and frigid. It can also indicate manipulation, unfaithfulness and being untrustworthy.

 

White

White is purity, innocence, wholeness and completion. In colour psychology white is the colour of new beginnings, of wiping the slate clean, so to speak. It is the blank canvas waiting to be written upon. While white isn’t stimulating to the senses, it opens the way for the creation of anything the mind can conceive.

Although the white colour is not considered as a pure colour by the scientists due to the fact that white contains an equal balance of all the colours, the human brain perceives it as something different from the other colours and reacts in its own special way.

White contains an equal balance of all the colours of the spectrum, representing both the positive and negative aspects of all colours. Its basic feature is equality, implying fairness and impartiality, neutrality and independence.

Individuals who have white as their favourite colour are people who have an exceptional personality. White represents purity, innocence. These people want to be free; they do not like pressures and they prefer living in a carefree way. They are positive, optimistic people who believe in luck, in the opportunities that are given to them.

White is a color of protection and encouragement, offering a sense of peace and calm, comfort and hope, helping alleviate emotional upsets. It creates a sense of order and efficiency.

They believe in themselves and they do not think of the obstacles that may discourage them and dissuade them from achieving their goals. These people are far-sighted, with a positive and optimistic nature and they are full of faith;. Thus, they can achieve their goals. Too much positive thinking may lead to risky, or even dangerous, situations.

It is obvious that creativity and temperament may help them move forward. Sometimes, however, it can be misunderstood and described as empty, leaving no one to invade their personal life. Many people use white as a recall of their youth and innocence. It reminds them of a time when their lives were easier and less complicated.

 

Positive and Negative Traits

 

Positive keywords include: innocence, purity, cleanliness, equality, complete and whole, simplicity, immaculate and neat, self-sufficient, pristine and open, new beginnings.

Negative keywords include: sterile, stark, fastidious, empty, isolated, cautious, plain, distant, unimaginative, critical and boring.

 

Green

Green is a lively colour, and it symbolizes renewal and growth. It is the colour you see the most in the natural environment. So it is the colour of spring, when everything comes to life. And it depicts the period when everything is alive and unrolling its natural processes.

It’s the colour of growth and health. Think of nature and see green in all its glory expressing renewal and life. Green has a strong association as a refreshing and peaceful colour. It evokes feeling of abundance and a plentiful environment while providing a restful and secure feeling. The prosperity signified by green can be negatively perceived as materialistic and possessive.

Green is a peculiar colour for peculiar people; people who have a peculiar, characteristic personality which is not easy to interpret. Individuals who have green as their favourite colour are communicative people; they want to be reassured through relationships with other people. The need to love other and to be loved by others and they can express their feelings unconditionally. They prefer to be in power and they want to have power on other people.  Their greatest concern is how they are viewed by other people and they really want to be seen as successful, wealthy, and important people in their social circles. They are gentle, kind, generous, helpful and caring people who stand by other people who need help. Green is the colour of nature, growth, life and health and these people have a love for nature and environment since they may find peace and tranquility when they are close to nature.

They want to be in good terms with everyone; they are flexible and they are in constant quest to a better future. They have a mature personality who does not lose hope and aims at improving the quality of their life.

These people have a strong sense of right or wrong, inviting good judgment. They see both sides of the equation, weigh them up, and then usually take the moral stand in making appropriate decisions. On the negative side, they can be judgmental and over-cautious.

Being emotionally balanced and calm individuals, they take great care of the way they express themselves and they wish to have their opinions respected. They are a little self-centered people, but they are always organized. They love to help other people but they may be cautious and skeptical when they come up against problems. Trust is very important to these people but they feel confident when they trust the others.

Finally, as they are practical people, they are not dreamers; on the contrary they are down to earth, they do not take risks and they move forward, taking reasonable steps in order to achieve their goals and fulfill their wishes.

 

Positive and Negative Traits

 

Positive keywords include: self-reliance, reliability and dependability, emotionally balanced and calm, nature lover, practical and down to earth, compassionate, generous, kind and loyal with a high moral sense, adaptable, having a need to belong.

Negative keywords include: being possessive and materialistic, indifferent and over-cautious, envious, selfish, greedy and miserly, devious with money, inconsiderate, inexperienced, a hypochondriac and a do-gooder.

 

Yellow

It takes a certain type of personality to prefer yellow to all the other colours. It involves a level of optimism that most people over the age of 10 just don’t have. Because of this optimism, and the idealism that comes along with it, people who love yellow sometimes come off as whacky or aloof, but that’s just because the moody folks are straight-up jealous.

Individuals who like yellow are the happiest people. They have a calm and hospitable personality; they are people with a great sense of humour and liveliness. They are constantly looking for happiness and they want to share it with everyone around them.

They are communicative people and they are good at talking with others. They love life and everything loves provides to them. They are curious, inquisitive people who want to learn about new things. They are flexible people who love adventures and take risks many times in their lives. Even when they fail, they lean from their failure and positive thoughts prevail even in this case. They are not discouraged; they do not quit and they may be a great role model for other people.

They look forward to all of the positive possibilities in their future. They like making far-fetched dreams. They need people around them, people who can guide them and give them useful advice. They are mentally alert but sometimes they are prone into laziness. Nevertheless, they are ambitious people who make an impact on others due to their positive ene4rgy, adrenaline and dynamism.

Positive and Negative Traits

 

Positive keywords include: optimism, cheerfulness, enthusiasm, fun, good-humored, confidence, originality, creativity, challenging, analytical.

Negative keywords include: being critical and judgmental, being overly analytical, being impatient and impulsive, being egotistical, pessimistic, having an inferiority complex, spiteful, cowardly, deceitful, non-emotional and lacking compassion.

 

Brown

Individuals who like brown are rare people as the choice of this colour is not something common or usual. These individuals are exceptional people.

Kind, polite and gentle people, really frank and honest people but, sometimes, they can be rude. They know very well what they expect from life; they are unswerving and unfaltering people who do not make spontaneous moves. They are peaceful, reassured and reasonable people. They are aware of their duties and they take their responsibilities seriously. They take life seriously and he is very protective for people who need help.

These individuals are low profile people who prefer acting than talking. A family and a comfortable home is what matters for them. Finally, routine makes them feel comfortable.  Safety is essential for them, because that’s the only way they can work properly.

Those who love brown have no need for extravagance. They like things as they are, and can do without any complications that come with change. They’re reliable, frugal, direct, and being spur of the moment is just not in their personality.

 

Positive and Negative Traits

 

Positive keywords include: down-to-earth, practical, approachable, friendly, stable, structured, supportive, comforting, reliable, protective, strength, quietly confident, sensual, sensitive, warm, reassured, honest, sincere, quality.

Negative keywords include: dull, boring, frugal, materialistic, lack of humor, lack of sophistication, predictable, cheap and stingy.

 

Grey

Those who say their favourite colour is grey don’t tend to have any major likes or dislikes. They can take or leave most things, and, on a whole, lack the passion that comes with loving a “real” colour.

Somewhere between black and white, grey is the colour that just can’t commit, and the same goes for those who love it. Grey is somewhere between black and white. It is an unemotional colour. It is a detached, neutral, impartial and indecisive colour as the people who like it. These people are low profile individuals who prefer to be a casual observer. Their tact and discretion make them exceptional but they may be thought to be aloof, indifferent.

They have learned to compromise and find mutually acceptable solutions; they have learned to respond and tell the absolute truth. They prefer being frank, outspoken people, despite the fact that their frankness may be insulting. They do not react and they look reserved, cold and aloof. They need privacy, they are introvert people. This is how they can think clearly.

They are indecisive, hesitant. Problems and difficulties make them nervous, emotionally depressed. Nevertheless, they are fair, morally correct. Hey try not to disappoint other people, be righteous and make fair decisions.

 

Positive and Negative Traits

 

Positive keywords include: reliable, conservative, dignified, neutral, impartial, professional, mature, intelligent, stable, calming, reserved, elegant, formal and dependable.

Negative keywords include: indecisive, non-emotional, indifferent, boring, sad, depressed, lifeless, and reserved.

 

Black

Black colour, as white, is not considered as a pure colour by the scientists due to the fact that white contains an equal balance of all the colours. Nevertheless, researchers have detected in black colour features that make it unique.

The color black relates to the hidden, the secretive and the unknown, and as a result it creates an air of mystery. It keeps things bottled up inside, hidden from the world. It gives protection from external emotional stress.

Individuals who like black colour may be described in different ways. Black means power and control, hanging on to information and things rather than giving out to others. Thus, these individuals are responsible, serious and, at the same time, secretive people.  They have an air of mystery and they seem to have intriguing personalities. They have glamour, and style; they are self-controlled people, they have a strong will and they give an impression of authority and power. They may look sophisticated, elegant and confident but they may be frightened as well.

They do not talk much, they are introvert people and, despite everything, they are not superficial people. They seek the meaning of deep concepts and they are very knowledgeable about things. They often feel marginalized people and too stressed. However, they want to be in control. They are not afraid of the unknown; they are curious and inquisitive, trying to learn things that no one knows. Finally, they cause fear and insecurity; they intimidate other people but they also make other people be involved with them in order to explore the private side of their personalities.

 

Positive and Negative Traits

 

Positive keywords include protection and comfort, strong, contained, formal, sophisticated, seductive and mysterious.

Negative keywords include aloof, depressing and pessimistic, secretive and withholding, conservative and serious, power & control, sadness and negativity.

“You see everyone’s true colors in a rehearsal.” (Andrew Keenan- Bolger said)

Colour therapy or chromo therapy in our lives

 

What the colour therapy or chromo therapy stands for?

 

Throughout the antiquity, the human being used to believe that the colours exert a great influence upon the soul and the body. It was so right!! Ancient Egyptians and Chinese were using the colours in order to stimulate important vital organs.

The father of Western Medicine Hippocrates recognized the essence of balance between the mind, body, and soul. He also knew how the use of colours can be a focal part of the healing process. However, his followers geared their focus towards studying the physical aspects of healing using colours. Since then, many scholars have used a scientific approach to explore the wonders of chromo therapy.

Isaac Newton, for example, wrote a book “Optics” in 1704. Johann Wolfgang published the “Theory of Colours” in 1810. Harvard professor Dr. Edwin Babbitt wrote “The Principles of Light and Colour” and invented the Chromo disk. Other intellectuals like Rudolf Steiner, Dr. Max Luscher, and Dr. Theo Gimbel also made further studies to prove the validity of Chromo therapy.

Over the years, the colours have been the subject of many studies and they are used for physical and psychological therapies till these days. During chromo therapy sessions, six main colours may be used:

  • Red
  • Orange
  • Yellow
  • Blue
  • Greek
  • Violet

 

Chromo therapy experiments

 

At the end of the 20th century, in 1973, F. Dyer, professor at the University of Massachusetts, proved that colours exert a great influence on the way of thinking and feeling by offering several well-cooked dishes to his students inviting them to taste these dishes. The specificity of this experiment was that the dishes had a different colour than the usual one. The results were clear as the students did not enjoy their meals; on the contrary, they had the impression that the food was not delicious.

Two years later, there were new research studies regarding the impact of the colours on the mental and physical condition of people conducted by Dr. Jacobs and Suesh. The experiments mainly were conducted in hospitals and ambulances, where the change of indoor environments in an emergency situation showed significant changes in patients’ physical and mental condition. The red was increasing the heartbeats, while the green and the blue had a calming effect.

Meanwhile, constructions like London’s Blackfriars bridge, in England, was the subject of different research studies and it was repainted red and brown in an attempt to reduce the number of people who commit suicide by jumping from it naming this bridge as “the bridge of suicides”. The results were amazing as the suicide rate was reduced by 34%.

Being based on the above examples as well as on many other examples, contemporary researchers concluded that different colours may improve the mental and physical condition of individuals. They also noticed that people with a healthy body and soul prefer bright colours and that their overall performance is better when they are surrounded by vivid colours.

“Some colors reconcile themselves to one another, others just clash.” (Edvard Munch said)

Classification of the colours during the colour/chromo therapy

Red

  • Physical stimulation
  • Mental stimulation

It brings warmth, energy and stimulation, therefore good for energy, fatigue, colds, chilly and passive people. Red energizes heart and blood circulation, it builds up the blood and heightens a low blood pressure. It energizes all organs and the senses hearing, smell, taste, vision and touch.

Blue

  • Relaxing, physically
  • Relaxing, soothing and calming, mentally

Blue is cooling, electric, astringent. It cools down inflammations (don’t forget rheumatic inflammations), fever, high blood pressure. It stops bleedings, it reliefs the bursting headaches, it calms strong emotions like anger, aggression or hysteria. It rings tranquility. It is anti-itching and it soothes suffering.

Green

  • Optimism
  • Hope / strength

Green is the color of Nature and the earth. It is balance and harmony in essence and possesses a soothing influence upon both mind and body. It is neither relaxing nor astringent in its impact. Green can be used for just about any condition in need of healing. Green rings psychological and emotional harmony and balance. It cures hormonal imbalances. It stimulates growth hormone and rejuvenation. It stimulates inner peace. It strengthens the nervous system. Green brings peace, rest, hope, comfort and nurturing, calmness and harmony.

Yellow

  • Action
  • Physical and mental stimulation
  • Strength for the muscles

Yellow is the colour of joy, happiness and mental alertness. It strengthens the nerves and the mind. It awakens mental inspiration and stimulates higher mentality. Thus, it is an excellent colour for nervous or nerve-related conditions or ailments. It also energizes the muscles.

Brown

  • Relaxing, physically
  • Relaxing, soothing and calming, mentally

It is used for stability, grounding, conservation, protection of household, family and pets, healing animals, finding lost objects, material constructions (buildings etc.), material increase; it is used in order to make relationships solid, to increase decisiveness and concentration, attracting help in financial crisis.

Orange

  • Joy
  • Impulsion
  • Positive energy

Orange is warm, cheering. Orange has a freeing action upon the body and mind, relieving repressions. Orange shows new possibilities and other options in life. Stimulates creative thinking and enthusiasm, and helps assimilate new ideas. Orange stimulates the lungs, the respiration and the digestion. It increases the activity of the thyroid. It relieves muscle cramps and spasms. It increases the amount of mother milk.

Pink

  • Childlike naivety
  • Innocence
  • Balance of feelings

Pink heals grief and sadness. It restores youthfulness. It brings you in contact with your feelings. It is regarded as a feminine color. Pink symbolizes softness, sweetness, innocence, youthfulness and tenderness.

White – Black

  • Total balance
  • Meeting extreme contradictions

White is the perfect color; for it is all colors, in perfect balance and harmony. White points at innocence, purity, virginity, cleanliness, freshness, simplicity, nothingness, oneness and completion, truth. As for black, it symbolizes seriousness, darkness, depression, death, mourning, mystery, secrecy, occultism, provocation, underground, underworld, things that have to remain hidden, nothingness as the great source of all creation, the need to keep your energy with you.

Use of colour/chromo therapy

 

Colour/chromo therapy can be blamed by some people, as it follows a special method to fight and deal with physical and psychological problems and this method is neither easy to understand understandable nor acceptable by other people..

The patient is covered with coloured silk fabrics or the patient is immersed in colourful water and remains there until the desired colour is reflected in the human body. The emission of light in a specific colour helps the patient achieve the desired result. Simply put, through this method, the light energy of colours is used in order to stimulate the organs of the body, aiming at strengthening the body and treating various diseases.  The tools that are used for this method are as follows:

  • Gemstones
  • Candles / lamps
  • Crystals
  • Crystal and glass prisms
  • Coloured fabrics
  • Colour bath treatments
  • Coloured eye lenses
  • Laser

It is said that through colour/chromo therapy the coloured rays come from the eye to the brain and turn into concrete actions or feelings which contribute to the elimination or the reduction of any problems.

Apart from this method, the patient has to come into daily contact with the appropriate colours for him, depending on the physical and mental problems he deals with. Typically, warm colours are recommended for people who deal with hypertension, stress or lather, while cold colours are recommended for people who suffer from hypotension, hypotonia, languor or debility.

Chromo therapy or commonly color therapy falls under the category of Complementary and Alternative Medicine System (CAMS) of treatment which can be helpful to cure diseases. It is one of the most successful ancient practices which are now gaining interest as a valid and effective science. It is a well established fact that chromo therapy triggers the specific points in our body and relieves various ailments. It is essential that it has no side-effects. It is pleasant and completely painless. Anyone who is interested in trying an alternative treatment without having any side-effects, could try chromo therapy.

“The soul becomes dyed with the color of its thoughts.” (Marcus Aurelius said)

It is certain that the colours affect the human body in their unique way each separately in both emotional and psychological as well as in physical functions.

Moreover, you will have the opportunity to learn more about the concept of personality, the factors that affect your personality and the different types of personalities, so that you can rank yourself in one or more of them. In this way, you will have acquired all the knowledge that is necessary so that you can better learn about the people around you, but it is much more important to learn yourself.

Who are we really? Are we really who we think we are? Why are we what we are? Can we change who we are? So, learn YOURSELF better and use this knowledge in order to have a better and more positive and advantageous life. This information is the key to understanding behaviors and, eventually, to the importance of personality formation and development.

If you want to know what personality category you are classified in, follow the link below and do the personality test

More information about

 

Would you like to learn more about topics of the personalities? Then please check out the links right down below:

 

Please rate this

The 20 important people in Ancient Greece			No ratings yet.

The 20 important people in Ancient Greece No ratings yet.

The 20 important people in Ancient Greece

 

“There is not any people in the world who has contributed so much to mankind as the Greek has been so much fought by so many peoples who did not offer anything to it.” (Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche said)

 

Ancient Greeks… Ancient Greece… A different people… Mysterious people full of historical upheavals, victories and defeats… Ancient Greeks were people full of bravery, ethos and heroism, who left the mark of their rich history and wonderful culture around the world. Ancient Greeks marked the history of mankind and still have a huge impact on it. Ancient Greeks were brave individuals who, despite the difficulties of life, managed to stand out and be remembered in people’s memories over time.

Ancient Greeks were associated with the start of the first Olympic Games that still inspire and unite people across borders. Ancient Greeks are associated with literature, mathematics, democracy… Ancient Greece is still associated with philosophy, music and fine arts.

Ancient Greeks have become an inspirational model and an example to others. There is a powerful influence on future generations and they have become a reference point for them. They contributed greatly to the evolution of other people and cities. Ancient Greeks are more than ordinary people. Ancient Greece is more than a nation that, despite its small geographical area, has been one of the greatest influences on the peoples of the world. These people are wonderful people, great personalities…

“Break down all Greece in depth 100 meters… Break down everything Greek from around the globe… You can say “it cannot happen”… Well, You Can’t… because after that you will not be able to foothold even one sentence!
Greece cannot be extinguished…the Greeks (Hellenes) , their offer on this planet… The challenge, however, still stands…The last word of humanity, when she’ll leave her last breath, will be HELLAS!” – Jean Rispen (French poet and theatrical writer)

It goes without saying that we should make a reference of 20 of the most significant figures, the most prominent people to know about in Ancient Greece who were a role model and made us understand the notion of education, the concept of unity, the concept of love and freedom.

“For the Greeks, values existed a priori and marked out the exact limits of every action. Modern philosophy places its values at the completion of action. They are not, but they become, and we shall know them completely only at the end of history. When they disappear, limits vanish as well, and since ideas differ as to what these values will be, since there is no struggle which, unhindered by these same values, does not extend indefinitely, we are now witnessing the Messianic forces confronting one another, their clamors merging in the shock of empires. Excess is a fire, according to Heraclitus. The fire is gaining ground; Nietzsche has been overtaken. It is no longer with hammer blows but with cannon shots that Europe philosophizes.” – Albert Camus

According to a recent research conducted at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), there was a ranking of the analytical data on the history and culture of peoples around the world. According to the findings of this research, Ancient Greek figures occupy the first places in this ranking. Listed below are the top 20 most significant personalities of Ancient Greece:

 

Alexander the Great (356 BC – 323 BC)

“I am indebted to my father for living, but to my teacher for living well.”

  • Alexander III of Macedon, commonly known as Alexander the Great, was a king of the ancient kingdom of Macedonia; he led the Pan-Hellenic alliance against the Persians and he was crowned Pharaoh of Egypt and King of Asia and Northwestern India.
  • He had great abilities as a military leader and politician.
  • He was educated by the great philosopher Aristotle.
  • He conducted military campaigns to the East

There is nothing impossible to him who will try.”

Homer (800-750 BC)

“One omen is best; defending the fatherland.”

  • Ancient poet;
  • The legendary author of Iliad and Odyssey (“Homeric Poems”);
  • He traveled around the Greek cities, reciting his poems;
  • Homer wrote other epic poems related to the Trojan War.

“The difficulty is not so great to die for a friend, as to find a friend worth dying for.”

 

Socrates (470 MC/469 – 399 BC)

 “The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.”

  • Philosopher;
  • He is considered the father of western philosophy;
  • He was the personality between the philosophers before and after Socrates;
  • Socrates was Plato’s mentor, and teacher;
  • Socrates changed how philosophy itself was to be conceived;
  • Socrates had a lot of listeners;
  • Socrates did not have a systematic teaching;
  • Socrates used a teaching method called known as maieutics, method of elenchus, elenctic method, or Socratic debate, a form of cooperative argumentative dialogue between individuals, based on asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking and to draw out ideas and underlying presumptions;
  • Socrates used to socialize with people from different social classes;
  • Socrates did not accept any payment for his teaching;
  • Socrates believed in self-knowledge;
  • Socrates believed that knowledge is virtue;
  • Socrates believed that a continuous journey of selfimprovement was essential for every person and this concept prevailed in his method of teaching.

 

Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC)

“Man is the only animal capable of reasoning, though many others possess the faculty of memory and instruction in common with him.”

 

  • He was a philosopher and a scientist;
  • He was a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great;
  • His writings cover many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, politics, government, ethics, biology, zoology, etc;
  • Aristotle was the first person to study biology systematically; he was the father of biology,
  • His philosophy is called Aristotelian Philosophy or

 

“At his best, man is the noblest of all animals; separated from law and justice, he is the worst.”

 

Plato (427 BC – 347 BC)

You cannot ask for something you don’t know.” 

  • He was the student of Socrates;
  • He was a philosopher;
  • He was the teacher of Aristotle;
  • He had a massive influence on the ancient Greek philosophy;
  • Plato wrote about the life and death of Socrates (The Apology of Socrates);
  • His works are in the form of dialogues, where several characters argue a topic by asking questions of each other. This form allows Plato to raise various points of view and let the reader decide which is valid.

 

 

Pericles (495-429 BC)

“Thinking is the talking of the soul with itself”

  • Pericles was a prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during the Golden Age;
  • Pericles was a dominant figure during the period between the Persian Wars and the Peloponnesian War.

 

Hippocrates (460 BC – 377 BC.)

“Hippocrates: There is no big difference between philosophy and medicine”

 

  • A Greek physician of the Age of Pericles and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine;
  • He was regarded as the greatest physician of his time and the father of modern medicine;;
  • He became known as the founder of Hippocratic Medical School at Cos;
  • He was the founder of rational medicine which is based on observation of clinical signs and rational conclusions, without being influenced by any superstitions.

 

“Wherever the art of medicine is loved, there is also a love of humanity.”

 

Solon (640 BC – 558 BC)

  • Solon was an Athenian statesman, lawmaker and poet;
  • Solon traveled to many countries, studying foreign cultures and laws, that helped him to contribute in the economic recovery of his homeland;
  • He wrote poetry for pleasure, as patriotic propaganda and in defence of his constitutional reforms (political elegies).

“No one can be said to be happy until he is dead”.

 

Archimedes (287 BC – 212 BC)

“Give me somewhere to stand, and I will move the earth.”

 

  • Archimedes of Syracuse was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer of Classical Antiquity;
  • He is most famous for discovering the law of hydrostatics, sometimes known as ‘Archimedes’ principle’, stating that a body immersed in fluid loses weight equal to the weight of the amount of fluid it displaces. Archimedes is supposed to have made this discovery when stepping into his bath, causing him to exclaim ‘Eureka!’; he studied on statics and the law of the levier, the method of exhaustion and he created an algorithm for calculating the number “π” (one of the fundamental constants of mathematics;
  • The origin of the screw propeller starts with Archimedes, who used a screw to lift water for irrigation and bailing boats, so famously that it became known as Archimedes’ screw. It was probably an application of spiral movement in space (spirals were a special study of Archimedes) to a hollow segmented water-wheel used for irrigation by Egyptians for centuries.

“The shortest distance between two points is a straight line.”

C.P. Cavafis (1863- 1933)

  • He was one of the most important contemporary Greek poets;
  • He wrote historical, erotic and philosophical poems.

 

When you set sail for Ithaca, wish for the road to be long, full of adventures, full of knowledge…”

 

Kazantzakis (1883 –1957)

  • Kazantzakis was a writer, journalist, statesman, musician, poet and philosopher;
  • Kazantzakis was not always liked by the public;
  • Kazantzakis has produced lyric poetry, philosophic essays, travel books, tragedies, and modern Greek translations of such classics as Dante’s Divine Comedy and Goethe’s Faust; he has also produced historic books, school books, books for children, novels for children, vocabularies, articles, travel journals and several reviews.

 

“I hope for nothing. I fear nothing. I am free…”

 

Sophocles (496 BC- 406 BC)

“No one can take an oath for anything and the second opinion disproves the first one.”

 

  • Sophocles was an ancient Greek tragedian;
  • He was Sophocles the most celebrated playwright in the dramatic competitions;
  • The most famous tragedies of Sophocles feature Oedipus, Antigone and Electra;
  • Throughout all of Sophocles plays, he shows the fight of the individual against the will of the gods.

 

“Despair often breeds disease…”

 

Euripides (480 BC – 406 BC)

“If I had succeeded in life, they would surely place me among the wise men, for all who succeeded call them wise men.”

 

  • Euripides was a tragedian of classical Athens;
  • He was one of the three ancient Greek tragedians of Classical Athens for whom a significant number of plays have survived;
  • Euripides composed tragedies and tetralogies;
  • He took part in in the dramatic competitions.

 

“Question everything. Learn something. Answer nothing.”

 

Aristophanes (445 BC – 386 BC)

“Death is the only power that despises gifts.”

  • Aristophanes is the greatest representative of ancient Greek comedy in the city-state of Athens;
  • His work was characterized by bold fantasy, merciless invective and outrageous satire, unabashedly licentious humour, and a marked freedom of political criticism;
  • Among his surviving plays are: “the Acharnanians”, the Clouds”, “the Wasps”, “Peace”, “the Birds”, “Lysistrata”, etc.

 

Wise people, even though all laws were abolished, would still lead the same life.”

 

Pythagoras (580 BC – 496 BC)

“The art of living a happy life is in living in the present.”

  • Greek philosopher and mathematician;
  • He formulated the Phythagorian Theorem (geometry);
  • He considered the numbers as the essence of the universe (Number is the ruler of forms and ideas, and the cause of gods and daemons)
  • He was the founder of the “Pythagorean School”;
  • He regarded the planets as celestial beings… he believed that planets were deities;
  • He believed that Earth rotates around its axis and around the Sun;
  • He invented the diatonic climax, in music.

 

“Friends are as companions on a journey, who ought to aid each other to persevere in the road to a happier life.”

 

Thucydides (460 BC – 399 BC)

“The first task of the historian is to seek the truth with persistence and perseverance.”

  • Thucydides was an Athenian historian and general;
  • He wrote the History of the Peloponnesian War;
  • Thucydides wrote an account about events that took place up to the Peloponnesian War.

 

“The secret to happiness is freedom… And the secret to freedom is courage.”

 

Empedocles (495 BC – 435 BC)

 

  • Empedocles was a Greek pre-Socratic philosopher and a citizen of Akragas, a Greek city in Sicily.
  • He was physicist, engineer, inventor, physician, shaman, musician and poet.
  • Empedocles believed the world to be made up of the four primary elements: earth, water, wind and fire which are interrelated.
  • He believed everything in the universe was made of four elements, including living organisms. He also believed all matter, whether alive or not, was conscious.
  • Rather mystically, he believed matter was held together by a fundamental force of the universe he described as Love and pushed apart by another force – Strife.
  • Empedocles also speculated on the nature of human physiology. He believed that blood represented the most perfect intermingling of the four natural elements and that the heart was the center of the blood-vessel system. He therefore believed that the heart was the seat of life itself.
  • In the area of astronomy, he knew that the moon shines by reflected light and thought that this is also true of the sun. He said that light takes time to travel, but so little time that, we cannot observe it. He knew that solar eclipses are caused by the interposition of the moon.
  • He explained cosmic nature, the functions of the human body, and the activities of the soul as the result of the conflicting forces.
  • He studied the reflection of the light and the nature of shadows.

 

Nothing new comes or can come into being; the only change that can occur is a change in the arrangement of the elements.”

 

Democritus (460 BC – 370 BC)

“The world is a stage, life a passage. You came, you saw, you left” 

  • He is a pre-Socratic philosopher.
  • Democritus taught that objects are formed of atoms that interact among themselves mechanically, in various manners including collision, attraction, repulsion, and spiral whirling, the latter resulting in the formation of bodies.
  • He formulated the concept of the Milky Way Galaxy and referred to the existence of distant stars.
  • Democritus was among the first to propose that the universe contains many worlds, some of them inhabited.

 

“Nothing exists except atoms and empty space; everything else is opinion.”

 

Thales of Miletus (640 or 624 BC – 546 BC)

“There are three attributes for which I am grateful to Fortune: that I was born, first, human and not animal; second, man and not woman; and third, Greek and not barbarian.”

  • He was the oldest philosopher.
  • He was the first pre-Socratic Greek philosopher
  • He was also a mathematician, a physician, an astronomer, an engineer and a meteorologist.
  • He was from Miletus, in Asia Minor and he was called Thales of Miletus..
  • He founded the Ionian School in Miletus.
  • According to Bertrand Russell, he is considered to be the first philosopher of the Western Philosophy.
  • He used science, logic, physical sciences and astrology in order to perceive the world, the universe and the physical phenomena.
  • Thales is recognized for breaking from the use of mythology and religious beliefs to explain the world and the universe.
  • He discovered that the Moon does not have its own light; he also discovered static electricity and magnetism.
  • He was a pioneer of Geometry, by formulating theories that:
    • any angle inscribed in a semicircle is a right angle. This is known as Thales’ Theorem;
    • a circle is bisected by its diameter;
    • if two straight lines intersect, the opposite angles formed are equal;
    • angles at the base of any isosceles triangle are equal;
    • If one triangle has two angles and one side equal to another triangle, the two triangles are equal in all respects (Criterion of congruent triangles).
    • the angle inscribed inside a semicircle is a right angle

“The most difficult thing in life is to know yourself.”

Twenty great people… Twenty names of personalities that are still remembered by people…. Twenty ancient Greek personalities, each one of them with its own particular features that provide hope and knowledge to mankind..

If you want to know what personality category you are classified in, follow the link below and do the personality test!

More information about

 

Would you like to learn more about topics of the personalities? Then please check out the links right down below:

 

 

 

Please rate this

200 Influential Personalities of all time			No ratings yet.

200 Influential Personalities of all time No ratings yet.

200 Influential Personalities of all time

 

It is not easy for someone to decide if someone else is a remarkable or an exceptional individual or not. It is not easy to count up the significant, remarkable or exceptional people throughout the history of mankind. Someone may be missing… Someone may slip our mind… Someone may be added in the list later on…. Let’s face it…. Whether a personality is important or exceptional or not is a matter of opinion. Someone who is an exceptional, a remarkable person for me, may mean nothing for you… However, there are personalities that, whether you like it or not, are familiar to you… You know these people, even though you may have not met them and you that you are not going to meet the. They are usually people of the past that even future generations will keep in their memory. They are great people who have left their mark on the world making their names memorable. They are personalities who stood out, reversed the course of life, making either a positive impact or a negative one, people who tried to guide others leading them on to innovative paths.

Many previous studies tried to classify such personalities who have had a huge impact on people’s lives and affected their memories greatly. These personalities were people who were born in order to change the course of mankind, rebels full of hope for the future, researchers who worked hard in order to contribute greatly to the evolution of mankind. Personalities who were leaders, affected other peoples’ lives and they will be remembered over time. They were people who have shared their knowledge with us for a better future. Listed below are the top 200 personalities in the history of mankind, who have made either a positive or a negative impact on peoples’ lives; these people are worth being listed in this ranking as they made us realize what is right or wrong, what is good or bad. It’s a random ranking, without any rating scales.

 

NAME DATE OF BIRTH DATE OF DEATH QUOTE OCCUPATION
John Locke 1632 1704 “All mankind… being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions.” philosopher
Johannes Calvin 1509 1564 “However many blessings we expect from God, His infinite liberality will always exceed all our wishes and our thoughts.” theologian, pastor and reformer
Grover Cleveland 1837 1908 “A government for the people must depend for its success on the intelligence, the morality, the justice, and the interest of the people themselves.”

 

president
Otto Von Bismarck 1815 1898 “Anyone who has ever looked into the glazed eyes of a soldier dying on the battlefield will think hard before starting a war.” statesman
Dante Alighieri 1265 1321 “Three things have remained outside paradies: stars, flowers and children.” Poet
Jeanne d’ Arc 1412 1431  “One life is all we have and we live it as we believe in living it. But to sacrifice what you are and to live without belief, that is a fate more terrible than dying.” Heroine
Harry S. Truman 1884 1972 “Men make history and not the other way around. In periods where there is no leadership, society stands still. Progress occurs when courageous, skillful leaders seize the opportunity to change things for the better.” president
Nikola Tesla

 

1856 1943 “Let the future tell the truth, and evaluate each one according to his work and accomplishments. The present is theirs; the future, for which I have really worked, is mine.” Inventor, engineer, physicist, futurist
George Washington 1732 1799 It is far better to be alone, than to be in bad company. president
Abraham Lincoln 1809 1865 Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man’s character, give him power. president
Alexander the Great 356v.Chr 322v.Chr I am not afraid of an army of lions led by a sheep; I am afraid of an army of sheep led by a lion. king
Aristoteles 384v.Chr 322v.Chr “It is during our darkest moments that we must focus to see the light.” Philosopher, scientist
Adolf Hitler 1889 1945 The leader of genius must have the ability to make different opponents appear as if they belonged to one category. Politician, leader
Plato / / Wise men speak because they have something to say; Fools because they have to say something. Philosopher, founder
Mohammad Ali 573 632 He who is not courageous enough to take risks will accomplish nothing in life. Boxer, activist
William Shakespeare 1564 1616 We know what we are, but know not what we may be. poet, playwright, actor
Napoleon Bonaparte 1769 1821 Death is nothing, but to live defeated and inglorious is to die daily. statesman and military leader
Jesus 4BC 31 c. AD And know that I am with you always; yes, to the end of time. leader
Socrates 470 BC 399 BC The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing. philosopher
Leonardo Da Vinci 1452 1519 Tears come from the heart and not from the brain. artist
Confucius 551 BC 479 BC It does not matter how slowly you go as long as you do not stop. philosopher
Pythagoras 582 BC 497 BC Silence is better than unmeaning words. mathematician
Harry S. Truman 1884 1972 It is amazing what you can accomplish if you do not care who gets the credit. president
Rene Descartes 1596 1650 It is not enough to have a good mind; the main thing is to use it well. mathematician
Pole Johannes / / Once you see results, it becomes an addiction.
Thomas von Aquin 1225 1274 There is nothing on this earth more to be prized than true friendship. theologian
Ali Ibn Abi Talib 600 661 A poor man is like a foreigner in his own country. Clergyman
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1749 1832 The soul that sees beauty may sometimes walk alone. poet
Philipp II. (Spain) 1527 1598 God, who has given me so many Kingdoms to govern, has not given me a son fit to govern them. King
Michelangelo 1475 1564 The true work of art is but a shadow of the divine perfection. artist
Ludwig XVI. (France) 1754 1793 I have no intention of sharing my authority. king
Richard Nixon 1913 1994 If you take no risks, you will suffer no defeats. But if you take no risks, you win no victories. president
Francis Bacon 1561 1626 In order for the light to shine so brightly, the darkness must be present. philosopher
Jean-Jacques Rousseau 1712 1778 The world of reality has its limits; the world of imagination is boundless. philopopher
Cicero 106v.Chr 43v.Chr The life of the dead is placed in the memory of the living. statesman
Charles II 1630 1685 I always admired virtue – but I could never imitate it. royalty
Oscar Wilde 1854 1900 Keep love in your heart. A life without it is like a sunless garden when the flowers are dead. dramatist
Robert Edward Lee 1807 1870 Never do a wrong thing to make a friend or to keep one. soldier
Wladimir Lenin 1870 1924 A lie told often enough becomes the truth. leader
Nikolaus Copernikus 1473 1543 To know that we know what we know, and to know that we do not know what we do not know, that is true knowledge. scientist
Vincent Van Gogh 1853 1890 I put my heart and my soul into my work, and have lost my mind in the process. artist
Augustinus von Hippo 354 430 The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only a page. saint
John F. Kennedy 1917 1963 Leadership and learning are indispensable to each other. president
Elvis Presley 1935 1977 I’m not trying to be sexy. It’s just my way of expressing myself when I move around. musician
Andrew Jackson 1767 1845 Heaven will be no heaven to me if I do not meet my wife there. president
Voltaire 1694 1778 God gave us the gift of life; it is up to us to give ourselves the gift of living well. writer
Peter Tschaikowski 1840 1893 Where the heart does not enter; there can be no music. composer
Richard Wagner 1813 1883 I am fond of them, of the inferior beings of the abyss, of those who are full of longing. composer
John Adams 1735 1826 I must study politics and war that my sons may have liberty to study mathematics and philosophy. president
James Cook 1728 1779 Do just once what others say you can’t do, and you will never pay attention to their limitations again. explorer
Immanuel Kant 1724 1804 Science is organized knowledge. Wisdom is organized life. philosopher
Georg III. (Great Britain-Irland) 1738 1820 Everyone who does not agree with me is a traitor and a scoundrel. president
Adam Smith 1723 1790 Science is the great antidote to the poison of enthusiasm and superstition. economist
Joseph Smith Jr. 1805 1844 An angel of God never has wings. clergyman
Edgar Allan Poe 1809 1849 All that we see or seem is but a dream within a dream. poet
Mark Twain 1835 1910 The secret of getting ahead is getting started. author
Siddhartha Gautama 563v.Chr 483v.Chr “However many holy words you read, however many you speak, what good will they do you if you do not act on upon them?” teacher
James Madison 1751 1836 Liberty may be endangered by the abuse of liberty, but also by the abuse of power. president
Oliver Cromwell 1599 1658 He who stops being better stops being good. soldier
Galileo Galilei 1564 1642 We cannot teach people anything; we can only help them discover it within themselves. scientist
Johann Sebastian Bach 1685 1750 The aim and final end of all music should be none other than the glory of God and the refreshment of the soul. composer
Woodrow Wilson 1856 1924 The man who is swimming against the stream knows the strength of it. president
Mahatma Gandhi 1869 1948 A man is but the product of his thoughts what he thinks, he becomes. leader
Alexander Hamilton 1757 1804 I never expect to see a perfect work from an imperfect man. politician
Sigmund Freud 1856 1939 Flowers are restful to look at. They have neither emotions nor conflicts. psychologist
Franklin Roosevelt 1882 1945 There are many ways of going forward, but only one way of standing still. president
Friedrich Nietzsche 1844 1900 It is not a lack of love, but a lack of friendship that makes unhappy marriages. philosopher
Jakob I. (England) 1566 1625 The sour quality is set opposite to the bitter and the sweet, and is a good temper to all, a refreshing and cooling when the bitter and the sweet qualities are too much elevated or too preponderant. theologian
Thomas Alva Edison 1847 1931 I have not failed. I’ve just found 10,000 ways that won’t work. inventor
Dschingis Khan 1155 1227 The Greatest Happiness is to scatter your enemy and drive him before you. To see his cities reduced to ashes. To see those who love him shrouded and in tears. And to gather to your bosom his wives and daughters. Band
Winston Churchill 1874 1965 Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to continue that counts. Statesman
George W. Bush 1946 Alive Leadership to me means duty, honor, country. It means character, and it means listening from time to time. president
Benjamin Franklin 1706 1790 An investment in knowledge pays the best interest. politician
Charles Dickens 1812 1870 There are dark shadows on the earth, but its lights are stronger in the contrast. novelist
Ronald Reagan 1911 2004 Peace is not absence of conflict, it is the ability to handle conflict by peaceful means. president
Carl von Linne 1707 1778 If you do not know the names of things, the knowledge of them is lost, too. botanist, physician and zoologist
Augustus 63v.Chr. 14n.Chr. I found Rome a city of bricks and left it a city of marble. royalty
Leonardo da Vinci 1452 1519 Tears come from the heart and not from the brain. artist
Ulysses S. Grant 1822 1885 My failures have been errors in judgment, not of intent. president
Ludwig van Beethoven 1770 1827 Music is a higher revelation than all wisdom and philosophy. composer
Ludwig XIV. (France) 1638 1715 First feelings are always the most natural. royalty
Platon 428v.Chr 348v.Chr Wise men speak because they have something to say; Fools because they have to say something. philosopher
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756 1791 I pay no attention whatever to anybody’s praise or blame. I simply follow my own feelings. musician
Theodore Roosevelt 1858 1919 Believe you can and you’re halfway there. president
Isaac Newton 1642 1727 If I have seen further than others, it is by standing upon the shoulders of giants. mathematician
Christoph Columbus 1451 1506 Following the light of the sun, we left the Old World. explorer
Albert Einstein 1879 1955 Look deep into nature, and then you will understand everything better. physicist
Josef Stalin 1878 1953 Death is the solution to all problems. No man – no problem. leader
Martin Luther 1483 1546 Let the wife make the husband glad to come home, and let him make her sorry to see him leave. leader
Queen Victoria 1819 1901 Great events make me quiet and calm; it is only trifles that irritate my nerves. royalty
Gaius Iulius Caser 100v.Chr 44v.Chr Experience is the teacher of all things. leader
Karl Marx 1818 1883 The production of too many useful things results in too many useless people. philosopher
Queen Elisabeth I. 1533 1603 A clear and innocent conscience fears nothing. royalty
Charles Darwin 1809 1882 A man who dares to waste one hour of time has not discovered the value of life. scientist
Heinrich VIII. (England) 1491 1547 “Of all losses, time is the most irrecuperable for it can never be redeemed.” royalty
Thomas Jefferson 1743 1826 Honesty is the first chapter in the book of wisdom. president
Buddha 563 BC 483 BC No one saves us but ourselves. No one can and no one may. We ourselves must walk the path. leader
Homer / / A sympathetic friend can be quite as dear as a brother. poet
Werner Heisenberg 1901 1976 “Not only is the Universe stranger than we think, it is stranger than we can think.” Physicist
Albrecht Durer 1471 1528 If a man devotes himself to art, much evil is avoided that happens otherwise if one is idle. Artist
Voltaire 1694 1778 God gave us the gift of life; it is up to us to give ourselves the gift of living well. writer
Marie Curie 1867 1934 Nothing in life is to be feared, it is only to be understood. Now is the time to understand more, so that we may fear less. scientist
James Watt 1736 1819 “An iron railroad would be a cheaper thing than a road of the common construction.” Here lay in a few words the idea from which our railway system has sprung.”  inventor, mechanical engineer, and chemist
Johannes Gutenberg 1400 1468 “It is a press, certainly, but a press from which shall flow in inexhaustible streams…Through it, God will spread His Word. A spring of truth shall flow from it: like a new star it shall scatter the darkness of ignorance, and cause a light heretofore unknown to shine amongst men”  blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher
Max Planck 1858 1947 Ego is the immediate dictate of human consciousness. scientist
Archimedes 287 BC 212  BC Give me a lever long enough and a fulcrum on which to place it, and I shall move the world. Mathematician
Orville Wright 1871 1948 The airplane stays up because it doesn’t have the time to fall. Inventor
Michael Faraday 1791 1867 “Nothing is too wonderful to be true if it be consistent with the laws of nature.”  scientist
Georges Braque 1882 1963 Painting is a nail to which I fasten my ideas. artist
Franz von Assisi 1182 1226 Start by doing what’s necessary; then do what’s possible; and suddenly you are doing the impossible. saint
Alexander Graham Bell 1847 1922 Before anything else, preparation is the key to success. inventor
Julius Caesar 100BC 44 BC No one is so brave that he is not disturbed by something unexpected leader
Lorenzo de’ Medici 1492 1519 “What I have dreamed in an hour is worth more than what you have done in four.” statesman
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen 1845 1923 Great discoveries are made accidentally less often than the populace likes to think. engineer and physicist
Robert Koch 1843 1910 The pure culture is the foundation for all research on infectious disease. physician and microbiologist
Michail Gorbatschow 1931 alive The world will not accept dictatorship or domination. politician
Demokritos 460 BC 370 BC Happiness resides not in possessions, and not in gold, happiness dwells in the soul. philosopher
Gagarin 1934 1968 I could have gone on flying through space forever. Astronaut
Kemal Atatürk 1881 1938 My people are going to learn the principles of democracy, the dictates of truth and the teachings of science. Superstition must go. leader
Pablo Picasso 1881 1973 The purpose of art is washing the dust of daily life off our souls. artist
Mao Zedong 1893 1976 Politics is war without bloodshed while war is politics with bloodshed. leader
Cleopatra 68 BC 30 BC All strange and terrible events are welcome, but comforts we despise royalty
Niels Bohr 1885 1962 Your theory is crazy, but it’s not crazy enough to be true. physicist
Alexander Fleming 1881 1955 One sometimes finds what one is not looking for. scientist
Ludwig Boltzmann 1844 1906 Bring forth what is true; Write it so it it’s clear. Defend it to your last breath. Physicist, philosopher
Hippokrates 460 BC 357 BC Healing is a matter of time, but it is sometimes also a matter of opportunity. scientist
Hammurabi 1810 BC 1750 BC The first duty of government is to protect the powerless from the powerful.” king
Johannes Kepler 1571 1630 Truth is the daughter of time, and I feel no shame in being her midwife. scientist
Guglielmo Marconi 1874 1937 Every day sees humanity more victorious in the struggle with space and time. scientist
Che Guevara 1928 1967 The revolution is not an apple that falls when it is ripe. You have to make it fall. revolutionary
Laozi / / The journey of a thousand miles begins with one step philosopher
Salvador Dali 1904 1989 The thermometer of success is merely the jealousy of the malcontents. artist
Siegmund Freud 1856 1939 Flowers are restful to look at. They have neither emotions nor conflicts. psychologist
Giuseppe Garibaldi 1807 1882 We shall meet again before long to march to new triumphs. soldier
Gottlieb Daimler 1834 1900 “ The best or nothing at all.  engineer,

designer and industrialist

Steve Jobs 1955 2011 Great things in business are never done by one person. They’re done by a team of people. entrepreneur, business magnate, inventor, designer
Bill Gates 1955 / Success is a lousy teacher. It seduces smart people into thinking they can’t lose. businessman
Alfred Nobel 1833 1986 Contentment is the only real wealth. scientist
Manfred von Ardenne 1907 1997 “Success flourishes only in perseverance — ceaseless, restless perseverance.” physicist
Rembrandt 1606 1669 Practice what you know, and it will help to make clear what now you do not know. painter
Henry Ford 1863 1947 Coming together is a beginning; keeping together is progress; working together is success. businessman
Louis Pasteur 1822 1895 Science knows no country, because knowledge belongs to humanity, and is the torch which illuminates the world. scientist
Gerhard Richter 1932 / Good art in general aspires to something, as a good painting aspires to something, almost spiritual or holy. artist
Niccolò Machiavelli 1469 1527 It is better to be feared than loved, if you cannot be both. writer
Neil Armstrong 1930 2012 That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind. astronaut
Nelson Mandela 1918 2013 Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. statesman
Carl Jung 1875 1961 Everything that irritates us about others can lead us to an understanding of ourselves. psychologist
Samuel Jackson 1948 / If you have an opportunity to use your voice you should use it. actor
Mikhail Gorbachev 1931 / The world will not accept dictatorship or domination. statesman
St. Paul 5BCE 67CE
Be kind and compassionate to one another, forgiving each other, just as in Christ God forgave you.
saint
Simon Bolivar 1783 1830 Judgement comes from experience, and experience comes from bad judgement revolutionary
Akbar 1542 1605 A monarch should be ever intent on conquest, lest his neighbours rise in arms against him. royalty
Konrad Adenauer 1876 1967 History is the sum total of things that could have been avoided. statesman
Jawaharlal Nehru 1889 1964 What we really are matters more than what other people think of us. leader
Charlemagne 742 814 To have another language is to possess a second soul. royalty
Sir Walter Raleigh 1552 1618 Fain would I climb, yet fear I to fall. explorer
Guru Nanak 1469 1539 From its brilliancy everything is illuminated. philosopher
Leo Tolstoy 1828 1910 The two most powerful warriors are patience and time. novelist
Ataturk 1881 1938 Everything we see in the world is the creative work of women. leader
Margaret Thatcher 1925 2013 If you want something said, ask a man; if you want something done, ask a woman. leader
Boris Yeltsin 1931 2007 You can build a throne with bayonets, but you can’t sit on it for long. statesman
Indira Gandhi 1917 1984 Forgiveness is a virtue of the brave. statesman
William Tyndale 1494 1536 No more doth it hurt to say that the body and blood are not in the sacrament. clergyman
Tim Berners Lee 1955 Alive We need diversity of thought in the world to face the new challenges. inventor
Rosa Parks 1913 2005 Memories of our lives, of our works and our deeds will continue in others. activist
Dalai Lama 1938 Be kind whenever possible. It is always possible. leader
Malcolm X 1925 1965 Education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today. activist
Charles de Gaulle 1890 1970 The better I get to know men, the more I find myself loving dogs. leader
Mother Teresa 1910 1997 Let us always meet each other with smile, for the smile is the beginning of love. saint
Bill Gates 1955 Alive Success is a lousy teacher. It seduces smart people into thinking they can’t lose. businessman
Ernest Hemingway 1899 1961 The best way to find out if you can trust somebody is to trust them. novelist
John Lennon 1940 1980 Love is the answer, and you know that for sure; Love is a flower, you’ve got to let it grow. musician
John M Keynes 1883 1946 Ideas shape the course of history. economist
Susan B. Anthony 1820 1906 Men, their rights, and nothing more; women, their rights, and nothing less. activist
George Orwell 1903 1950 War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength. author
Thomas Edison 1847 1931 Opportunity is missed by most people because it is dressed in overalls and looks like work. inventor
Kofi Annan 1938 Knowledge is power. Information is liberating. Education is the premise of progress, in every society, in every family. statesman
William Wilberforce 1759 1833 Of all things, guard against neglecting God in the secret place of prayer. politician
Evia Peron 1919 1952 Shadows cannot see themselves in the mirror of the sun. statesman
Princess Diana 1961 1997 Family is the most important thing in the world. royalty
Helen Keller 1880 1968 Optimism is the faith that leads to achievement. Nothing can be done without hope and confidence. author
Florence Nightingale 1820 1910 How very little can be done under the spirit of fear. activist
Harriet Tubman 1822 1913 Never wound a snake; kill it. activist
Anne Frank 1929 1945 Think of all the beauty still left around you and be happy. writer
Sri Chinmoy 1931 2007 Smile, smile, smile at your mind as often as possible. Your smiling will considerably reduce your mind’s tearing tension. author
Desmond Tutu 1931 You don’t choose your family. They are God’s gift to you, as you are to them. author
Jesse Owens 1913 1980 One chance is all you need. athlete
Rosa Parks 1913 2005 Memories of our lives, of our works and our deeds will continue in others. activist
Amelia Earhart 1897 1939 The most effective way to do it, is to do it. author
Barack Obama 1961 Still alive Money is not the only answer, but it makes a difference. politician
Marco Polo 1254 1324 I did not write half of what I saw, for I knew I would not be believed merchant
Vasco da Gama 1469 1524 I am not afraid of the darkness. Real death is preferable to a life without living. explorer
Ferdinand Magellan 1480 1521 Go forth to meet the shadowy future without fear and with a manly heart. explorer
Marie Antoinette 1755 1793 There is nothing new except what has been forgotten. royalty
Coco Chanel 1883 1971 A girl should be two things: classy and fabulous. designer
Marlene Dietrich 1901 1992 Once a woman has forgiven her man, she must not reheat his sins for breakfast. actress
Katharine Hepburn 1907 2003 If you obey all the rules you miss all the fun. actress
Marilyn Monroe 1926 1962 I restore myself when I’m alone. actress
Bob Marley 1945 1981 One good thing about music, when it hits you, you feel no pain. musician
Michael Jackson 1958 2009 My mother’s wonderful. To me she’s perfection. musician
Bruce Lee 1940 1973 Knowledge will give you power, but character respect. actor
Tupac 1971 1996 I don’t have no fear of death. My only fear is coming back reincarnated. musician
Michael Jordan 1963 / Talent wins games, but teamwork and intelligence wins championships. athlete
Maya Angelou 1928 2014 If you have only one smile in you give it to the people you love. poet

Remarkable personalities, strong personalities… Do you really know yourself? Do you know who you are and what are your personality traits? Can you change WHAT you are? Can you change WHO you are? So, learn yourself better and use this knowledge in order to have a better and more positive and advantageous life. This information is the key to understanding behaviors and, eventually, to the importance of personality formation and development.

If you want to know what personality category you are classified in, follow the link below and do the personality test.

 

More information about

 

Would you like to learn more about topics of the personalities? Then please check out the links right down below:

 

Please rate this

Personality Types in the General Population			No ratings yet.

Personality Types in the General Population No ratings yet.

Personality Types in the General Population

 

There are thousands of personalities out there! Calm people, people with strong temperament, bizarre people, mysterious people, open-minded people, extravert and introvert people…  Biological origins, genetic and hereditary factors as well as the environmental impact play a crucial role in the creation of these personalities. What we know for sure is that personality uses a variety of behaviors for expression purposes. These behaviors are mainly expressed through the individual’s emotions, thoughts, views and social interactions in specific situations, events or conditions throughout life course…Right down below you will found the existing personality types in the general population!

Taking the 16 personality types of Briggs-Myers into consideration, there has been an effort to get the classification rate globally.

Therefore, recent human behavior studies have classified and categorized the general population on a percentage basis, drawing certain specific conclusions. Following several research studies, observations and remarks as well as other research methods on personality, the experts have been able to proceed to a type classification of the general population, considering the personality type of each individual. Below are the estimated frequencies of each of the personality types by total population and by gender. The figures are not accurate as personality traits change over time and the percentages may change accordingly. On average, the following facts may apply:

 

 

Data source: “MBTI Manual” published by CPP

TYPE % TOTAL POPULATION % MALE %FEMALE
ISFJ 13.8% 4% 10%
ESFJ 12.3% 7% 17%
ISTJ 11.6% 10.5% 6.5%
ISFP 8.8% 5% 7%
ESTJ 8.7% 16% 10%
ESFP 8.5% 8% 14%
ENFP 8.1% 6% 8%
ISTP 5.4% 8.5% 3.5%
INFP 4.4% 1.5% 2.5%
ESTP 4.3% 12.5% 7.5%
INTP 3.3% 4% 1%
ENTP 3.2% 6% 3%
ENFJ 2.5% 2.5% 5.5%
INTJ 2.1% 2.5% 0.5%
ENTJ 1.8% 5.5% 2.5%
INFJ 1.5% 0.5% 1.5%

 

Research analysis

According to research findings, the frequency of defender personality type is at 13.8% of the population as frequency of supporter personality type is at 12.3% and frequency of examiner personality type is at 11.6%. Therefore, the personality type that prevails in the general population is the protectors.

Thus, most people are classified under the Protector/Defender Personality Type, being described as unique personalities, being diligent, dutiful, empathetic, individuals with a deep sense of responsibility to others, protective and poised. They seek to help others and respect of others, understanding as well as mutual respect and solidarity are primary principles and values for them.

On the contrary, the frequencies of Chief personality type and Confidant personality type are at 1.8 and 1.5% respectively. According to the research findings, “Chief” and “advocate” personality types reach a low frequency. It is obvious that there is a small number of leaders among us. Chiefs are charismatic, self-confident individuals, with a strong sense of leadership, who are ready to take charge. They love challenges; they are ready to risk in order to achieve their goals. However, being ready to risk is not always good. Anyway, they stand out because they are decisive, goal-oriented individuals who may have a positive impact on people, in the long run.

Detailed list of 16 the personalities with description, career matches, strengths and weaknesses

 

PROTECTORS

  ESTJ-OVERSEER ESFJ-SUPPORTER ISTJ-EXAMINER ISFJ-DEFENDER
Description responsible, hard working, practical, punctual, organized, social, logical, traditional, leader, loyal, grounded, confident, gregarious, critical, objective, decisive, concrete, efficient, disciplined, dependable, sacrificial, committed, talkative, direct, assertive social, supportive, empathetic, others-focused, committed, generous, traditional, rule following, responsible, warm, dutiful, nurturing, disciplined, hospitable, caring, friendly, punctual, traditional, organized, relational, celebratory, realistic, loving, practical, sacrificial dependable, hard working, dutiful, private, thorough, decisive, efficient, punctual, traditional, humorous, practical, deliberate, responsible, honest, rule following, loyal, sacrificial, devoted, service-oriented, scrupulous, rigid committed selfless, observant, service-oriented, kind, sensitive, traditional, loyal, concrete, private, quiet, realistic, disciplined, loyal, empathetic, warm, organized, consistent, gentle, considerate, practical, affirming, responsible, deliberate, humorous, trustworthy
Career Matches accountant, senior manager, auditor, military officer, banker, financial officer, government worker, engineer, police officer, business administrator, business analyst, computer specialist, detective, scientist, judge, insurance agent, economist, teacher, editor, technical, specialist, nursing administrator, underwriter, professor, lecturer, manager accountant bookkeeper, child care, church worker, human resources, counselor, family, doctor, homemaker, nurse, teacher, social worker, office manager, administrator, speech pathologist, organization leader, receptionist, administrative assistant accountant, military officer, police officer, administrator, auditor, medical doctor, dentist, financial officer, detective scientist, math teacher, lawyer/attorney, judge manager, computer programmer, computer specialist, librarian executive steelworker, electrician, mechanical engineer systems, analyst, technical specialist, technician administrator, career counselor, child care, police officer, church worker, clerical supervisor, counselor, medical doctor, social worker, actor/actress, counselor, human resources, medical technologist, office manager, shopkeeper, researcher, scientist, senior manager, early childhood development, librarian nurse, auditor, bookkeeper, business analyst, health service, homemaker, writer, military accountant
Strengths dutiful and responsible, loyal and committed, good at following through with tasks, social and enthusiastic, born leader friendly and warm, focused on other people’s needs, excellent mone, mangement skills, service-oriented honors, commitments good at listening, management precise and detailed handles good at listening eager to serve good at handling money, warm and affirming, great organizational skills
Weaknesses not natural at expressing feelings can be blunt and insensitive likes to always be right needs to be in charge

 

dislikes change takes the blame for others interested in how others see them has trouble with conflict

 

can become too rigid, not generous with praise desires to always be right not in tune with feelings can neglect their own needs, dislikes change, takes criticism, personally has trouble with conflict

 

 

CREATORS

ESTP-PERSUADER ESFP-ENTERTAINER ISTP-CRAFTSMAN ISFP-ARTIST
Description realistic, practical, adaptable, direct, experiential, logical, factual, spontaneous, outgoing, risk, taking, thick-skinned, enthusiastic, assertive, sensation-loving, carefree, objective, sociable, active, persuasive, gregarious, lively, informal, rational problem solver, humorous sociable, cooperative, creative, spontaneous, experiential, excitable, sensation-loving, practical, adventurous, people-oriented, harmonious, action-loving, efficient, accepting, fun-loving, gregarious problem solver down to earth, attention-loving, talkative, lively, sensitive, friendly, warm, carefree adaptable, logical, independent, active, adventurous, problem solver, self-reliant, analytical, technical, practical, unemotional, flexible, impersonal, logical, concrete, realistic, direct, fearless, positive, handy harmonious, creative, adaptable, warm, loyal, gentle, independent, sensitive, friendly, sensation-loving, deliberate, aesthetically, inclined, relaxed, private, cooperative, carefree, helpful
Career Matches carpenter, craftsman, police officer, detective, driver, firefighter, military, farmer, comedian, it support, entrepreneur, marketer, project manager, computer technician, sales agent athlete, artist, actor/actress, coach, fashion designer, entrepreneur, social worker, recreation worker, comedian, interior, decorator, marketer, musician, painter, performer, photographer, public relations, receptionist, supervisor, broadcaster/newscasterpediatrician, singer, nurse, manager, sales agent, teacher, journalist, shopkeeper, dancer athlete, carpenter, construction worker, mechanic, military, motorcyclist, farmer, firefighter, forensic pathologist, pilot, police officer, probation officer, detective, driver, electrical engineer, engineer, steelworker, transportation operative, entrepreneur, human resources, marketer, computer programmer, computer specialist, project manager, sales agent, scientist artist, carpenter, teacher, chef, child care, pediatrician, church worker, clerical supervisor, composer, counselor, social worker, designer, physical therapist, veterinarian, early childhood development, park ranger, librarian, editor, musician, naturalist, nurse, mechanic, writer, personal service worker, x-ray technician

 

Strengths persuasive and charming, humorous and popular, great at dealing with crisis situations, fun-loving and generous, handles criticism well fun-loving and warm, friendly an likeable, artistic and creative, practical and clever, adaptable good at listening self-reliant, handles conflict well, positive outlook on life, excellent at problem solving laid back and adaptable, good at listening, warm and friendly, takes commitments seriously, creative and artistic
Weaknesses not able to express their own feelings, easily becomes bored, commitments are difficult, can be insensitive with their humor has trouble with long-term commitments, does not take criticism well, materialistic, takes things personally long-term planning can be difficult, uncomfortable in emotional situations, feels trapped easily, needs personal space, can get in trouble when instigating action may appear unmotivated, hard to get to know, dislikes long-term planning, tends to withdraw

 

 

INTELLECTUAL

  ENTJ-CHIEF ENTP-ORIGINATOR INTJ-STRATEGIST INTP-ENGINEER
Description strategic, assertive, rational, organized, confident, analytical, hard working, outspoken, future-focused, efficient, enthusiastic, curious, directive, gregarious, thick-skinned, leader, competitive, goal-oriented, impersonal, intellectual, ambitious, expressive, responsible, creative, decisive innovative, perceptive, future-focused, curious, logical, imaginative, crafty, theoretical, enthusiastic, objective, introspective, impersonal, inventive, assertive, flexible, carefree, gregarious, intellectual, entrepreneurial, complex, non-conforming, fearless, efficient, exciting, spontaneous analytical, structured, objective, introspective, perfectionist, attentive, controlled, private, responsible, self-confident, thick-skinned, quiet, determined, independent, impersonal, theoretical, intense, strategic, adaptable, complex, conceptual, disciplined, deliberate, abstract, decisive logical, intellectual, easygoing, individualistic, theoretical, flexible, inventive, curious, impersonal, objective, analytical, complex, spontaneous, private, independent, future focused, rule breaking, carefree, creative, perfectionist, unemotional, abstract
Career-Matches business administrator, executive, entrepreneur, manager, politician, computer consultant, lawyer/attorney, judge, scientist, banker, systems analyst, teacher, professor engineer, computer analyst, computer programmer, entrepreneur, inventor, journalist, lawyer/attorney, marketer, politician, psychiatrist, psychologist, consultant, scientist, systems analyst, writer, photographer, sales agent systems analyst, computer programmer, entrepreneur, computer specialist, engineer, corporate strategist, researcher, scientist, medical doctor, lawyer/attorney, professor, psychologist, business administrator, military officer, manager, judge, teacher

 

professor, scientist, archaeologist, architect, mathematician, artist, technical, writer, philosopher, strategic planner, systems analyst, computer animator, computer programmer, computer specialist, economist, engineer, inventor
Strengths direct and frank, excellent with money, takes criticism well, honors commitments, verbally fluent and eloquent driven to self-improvement, excellent communicator, great at generating ideas, charming, popular and enthusiastic, laid back and flexible good at listening, self-confident, highly intelligent, takes criticism well, honors commitments laid back and easygoing, handles criticism well, not demanding, enthusiastic about their interests, imaginative and creative
Weaknesses controlling and intimidating, can appear angry, slow to compliment, impulsive poor follow-up skills, gets bored in relationships, argumentative, risk taker with money dislikes communicating feelings, insensitive can come across as arrogant, unwilling to take blame not good at managing money, can be explosive, not good at communicating feelings, distrusting of others

 

 

VISIONARIES

  ENFJ-MENTOR ENFP-ADVOCATE INFJ-CONFIDANT INFP-DREAMER
Description idealistic, sociable, warm, gregarious, introspective, expressive, altruistic complex, people-oriented, caring, charismatic, assertive, positive, supportive, encouraging, organized, abstract, enthusiastic, loyal, leader, empathetic, selfless, affectionate, passionate, nurturing introspective, empathetic, spontaneous, warm, people-oriented, gregarious, expressive, enthusiastic, creative, resourceful, values-oriented, adaptable, passionate, sociable, affirming, positive, future-focused, energizing, wild, idealistic, leader, charismatic, inspiring, sensitive, assertive introspective, caring, focused, empathetic, independent, sensitive, idealistic, private, scheduled, understanding, selfless, abstract, gentle, future-focused, peace-loving, encouraging, complex, committed, purposeful, intuitive, organized, passionate, values-oriented, creative, quiet idealistic, introspective, future-focused, easygoing, independent, artistic, guarded, meaningful, warm, loyal, abstract, imaginative, intuitive, empathetic, private, adaptable, sensitive, peace-loving, internally aware, selfless, gentle, creative, intuitive, values-oriented, caring
Career Matches teacher, professor, social worker, career counselor, counselor, therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, church worker, trainer, human resources, librarian writer, nurse, diplomat, consultant, artist, editor, administrator, actor/actress, events coordinator, facilitator, homemaker, musician, designer, engineer

 

journalist, social worker, conference planner, diplomat, writer, nurse, public relations, politician, housing director, editor, broadcaster, professor, musician, lawyer/attorney, church worker, counselor, therapist, psychologist, art director, project manager, artist, painter, actor/actress, merchandise planner, career counselor, speech pathologist

 

counselor, clergy, therapist, writer, missionary, psychiatrist, psychologist, social worker, educational consultant, child care, child development, church worker, teacher, musician, photographer, professor, librarian artist, chiropractor, actor/actress, medical doctor, alternative medicine, consultant designer, human resources, marketer, trainer activist, church worker, missionary, educational consultant, social worker, physical therapist, fashion designer, counselor, teacher, musician, therapist, actor/actress, artist, journalist, professor, minister, filmmaker, librarian editor, graphic designer, writer, psychologist, translator/interpreter, social scientist, web designer, photographer, human resources

 

Strengths can read others motives and feelings, excellent communication skills, driven to meet others needs, affectionate, loyal and affirming, honors commitments fun, dramatic and optimistic, affirming and affectionate, can read others motives and feelings, excellent communication skills, driven to meet others needs good at listening, excellent verbal and written communication skills, warm, affirming and encouraging, honors commitments, insightful loyal and devoted, deep capacity to care and love, warm and playful, excellent at reading feelings and motives of others, desires to meet the needs of others
Weaknesses can harbor hurt feelings, tendency to manipulate, tendency to smother, blames self when things go wrong has trouble with conflict and confrontation, can be manipulative and controlling, holds on to bad relationships, gets bored easily has trouble with conflict, difficulty receiving criticism, withdrawn, holds back tends to react emotionally, extreme dislike of criticism, tendency to blame themselves, has trouble in conflict situations

 

Who are we really? Are we really who we think we are? Why are we what we are? Can we change who we are? So, learn yourself better and use this knowledge in order to have a better and more positive and advantageous life. This information is the key to understanding behaviors and, eventually, to the importance of personality formation and development.

If you want to know what personality category you are classified in, follow the link below and do the personality test.

More information about

 

Would you like to learn more about topics of the personalities? Then please check out the links right down below:

 

Please rate this

Codes of Personality			No ratings yet.

Codes of Personality No ratings yet.

Codes of Personality

 

Personality development is a significant topic that is well worth being analyzed. The way people think, the way they speak and behave, the answers they give, the way of their action at a professional, personal, family, social level are influenced by biological and environmental factors, which have to be examined in depth in order to get a clearer perception of personality.

The theory of Carl G. Jung

 

According to Carl G. Jung’s theory of psychological types(Jung, 1971[1]), people can be characterized by their preference of general attitude [Extraverted (E) vs. Introverted (I)], their preference of one of the two functions of perception [Sensing (S) vs. Intuition (N)]  and their preference of one of the two functions of judging [Thinking (T) vs. Feeling (F)]. Therefore, people are classified into the following personality types:

  1. Extroverts (E – Extraverted) OR
  2. Introverts (I – Introverted)

 

  1. People who have preference for sensing(S – Sensing) OR
  2. People who have preference for intuition (N – Intuition)

 

  1. People who use of the function of thinking (Τ – Thinking) OR
  2. People who use of the function of feeling (F – Feeling)

 

Areas of preferences

The three areas of preferences introduced by Jung are dichotomies (i.e. bipolar dimensions where each pole represents a different preference). Jung also proposed that in a person one of the four functions above is dominant – either a function of perception or a function of judging. Isabel Briggs Myers, a researcher and practitioner of Jung’s theory, proposed to see the judging-perceiving relationship as a fourth dichotomy influencing personality type [Briggs Myers, 1980[2]]:

  1. Judgment (J à Judging)
  2. Perception (P à Perceiving)

 

Interpretation

  • Extraversion – Introversion: this criterion signifies the source and direction of a person’s energy expression. An extravert’s source and direction of energy expression is mainly in the external world, while an introvert has a source of energy mainly in their own internal world.
  • Sensing – Intuition: this criterion represents the method by which someone perceives information. Sensing means that a person mainly perceives information he or she receives directly from the external world. Intuition means that a person perceives mainly information he or she receives from the internal or imaginative world.
  • Thinking – Feeling: this criterion represents how a person processes information. Thinking means that a person makes a decision mainly through logic. Feeling means that, as a rule, he or she makes a decision based on emotion, i.e. based on what they feel they should do.
  • Judging – Perception: this criterion reflects how a person implements the information he or she has processed. Judging means that a person organizes all of his life events and, as a rule, sticks to his plans. Perceiving means that he or she is inclined to improvise and explore alternative options.

 

All possible permutations of preferences in the 4 dichotomies above yield 16 different combinations, or personality types, representing which of the two poles in each of the four dichotomies dominates in a person, thus defining 16 different personality types. Each personality type can be assigned a 4 letter acronym of the corresponding combination of preferences.

 Combination of preferences

 

estjinfp

The combinations that can be made are as follows:

ESTJ ISTJ ENTJ INTJ
ESTP ISTP ENTP INTP
ESFJ ISFJ ENFJ INFJ
ESFP ISFP ENFP INFP

Explanation:

ESTJ Extraversion- Sensing- Thinking- Judging Overseer
ESTP Extraversion- Sensing- Thinking- Perception Persuader
ESFJ Extraversion- Sensing- Feeling- Judging Supporter
ESFP Extraversion- Sensing- Feeling- Perception Entertainer
ISTJ Introversion- Sensing- Thinking- Judging Examiner
ISTP Introversion- Sensing- Thinking- Perception Craftsman
ISFJ Introversion- Sensing- Feeling- Judging Defender
ISFP Introversion- Sensing- Feeling- Perception Artist
ENTJ Extraversion-Intuition- Thinking- Judging Chief
ENTP Extraversion- Intuition- Thinking- Perception Originator
ENFJ Extraversion- Intuition- Feeling- Judging Mentor
ENFP Extraversion- Intuition- Feeling- Perception Advocate
INTJ Introversion- Intuition- Thinking- Judging Strategist
INTP Introversion- Intuition- Thinking- Perception Engineer
INFJ Introversion- Intuition- Feeling- Judging Confidant
INFP Introversion- Intuition- Feeling- Perception Dreamer

Based on the Myers-Briggs Step I personality assessment

In order to interpret the above table, we should understand that, according to Jung, one of the above psychological functions is always the primary one. That is that either Sensing – Intuition, or Thinking – Feeling dominates over the other poles. The Extraversion-Introversion preference determines the direction of the dominant function. The fact that one pole is primary and the other secondary does not mean, according to Jung, that the second one is not important. On the contrary, it tends to be quite helpful and necessary.

So, these 16 different personality types present a set of traits that make each individual be unique and different from other people.

Analyzing personality types

  1. Personality category

GUARDIAN, PROTECTOR, SENTINEL

ISFJ -The defender

Tom Rob Smith: “To stand up for someone was to stitch your fate into the lining of theirs.”

He is a passionate person; he is an individual who uses common sense and his experience in solving his problems as well as the problems of other people. He is responsible, conscientious, loyal, considerate and patient and tries to serve the needs of other people. He is able to provide practical help to other people and he is capable of protecting his own people in any way. He is faithful and loyal either at a friendly or erotic level and he is characterized as being attentive. He is feeler and makes decisions with his heart. Although he is quiet, he cherishes deep connections, seeks lifelong friendships and he lives in the moment. He usually wants to work with people who care and support each other. He is kind and confident, compassionate and caring.

The defender always seeks reassuring evidence and he wants to be appreciated by others. He underestimates his achievements and sometimes other people may step on him since he always tries to satisfy other people’s wishes. He has a good memory and he is using it in order to retain facts and information on people.

He is a pleasant, polite person who cannot be idle. He can easily get upset if his goal is not met, but he will be very satisfied if other people give credit to his efforts and that will suffice for him.

ADVICE “If you are a defender, help other people as much as possible, as long as you don’t put yourself in danger, as long as you defend people in conditions that can be dealt with and as long as you avoid people who try to play on you and impose. Learn to say NO and learn to set boundaries while defending other people, but, above all, you have to learn to defend yourself first. “

Examples of famous defenders

 POLITICIANS & WORLD LEADERS  

  • William Howard Taft, U.S. President and Supreme Court Justice.
  • Jimmy Carter, U.S. President.
  • Bess Truman, U.S. First Lady.
  • Barbara Bush, U.S. First Lady.
  • Laura Bush, U.S. First Lady.
  • George Marshall, U.S. general and Secretary of State and Defense.
  • Mary I, Queen of England.
  • Prince Charles of Great Britain.
  • Kate Middleton, Duchess of Cambridge.
  • Gordon Brown, Prime Minister of Great Britain.
  • Mary, Princess of Denmark.
  • Rand Paul, U.S. senator and presidential candidate.
  • Heinrich Himmler, Nazi minister of the interior.
  • Francisco Franco, Spanish dictator.

RELIGIOUS FIGURES & SOCIAL ACTIVISTS

  • St. Teresa of Avila.
  • Pope Francis.
  • Mother Teresa, Catholic nun and missionary.
  • Clara Barton, U.S. nurse and founder of American Red Cross.
  • Rosa Parks, U.S. civil rights activist.

ATHLETES

  • Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, U.S. center.
  • Tiger Woods, U.S. golfer.
  • Kristi Yamaguchi, U.S. figure skater.

ACTORS & PERFORMERS  

  • Halle Berry, U.S. actress.
  • Bruce Willis, U.S. actor.
  • Michael Caine, English actor.
  • Anne Hathaway, U.S. actress.
  • Christopher Walken, U.S. actor.
  • Gwyneth Paltrow, U.S. actress.
  • Elijah Wood, U.S. actor.
  • Naomi Watts, U.S. actress.
  • Kirsten Dunst, U.S. actress.
  • Vin Diesel, U.S. actor.
  • David Copperfield, U.S. magician.
  • Katie Holmes, U.S. actress.
  • Rose McGowan, U.S. actor.
  • Josh Hartnett, U.S. actor.
  • Lance Reddick, U.S. actor.
  • Jack Klugman, U.S. actor.
  • Jared Padalecki, U.S. actor.

MILITARY  

  • Robert E. Lee, Confederate general.
  • David Petraeus, U.S. general.
  • George Armstrong Custer, U.S. general.

WRITERS & JOURNALISTS ISFJ authors are sensitive observers of character.

  • Louisa May Alcott, U.S. author.
  • Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, English author.
  • Alfred, Lord Tennyson, English poet.
  • Robin Roberts, U.S. journalist and television host.
  • Ed Bradley, U.S. journalist.
  • Agatha Christie, English mystery novelist.
  • Marcus Aurelius, Roman philosopher and Emporer.
  • W. H. Auden, English poet.

MUSICIANS Some ISFJs find it easiest to express their devotion to others and their community through music.

  • Aretha Franklin, U.S. singer.
  • Barbra Streisand, U.S. singer and actress.
  • Beyonce, U.S. singer and dancer.
  • Kenny Chesney, U.S. country musician.
  • Brian May, English guitarist and astrophysicist.
  • Selena Gomez, U.S. singer and actor.
  • Sarah Brightman, English singer.
  • Dr. Dre, U.S. rapper and producer.
  • Michael Grimm, U.S. blues musician.
  • 50 Cent, U.S. rapper.
  • Jessica Simpson, U.S. singer and actress.
  • Kendrick Lamar, U.S. rapper.

FICTIONAL CHARACTERS

  • Dr. John Watson, Sherlock Holmes’s assistant.
  • Forrest Gump from the movie of the same title.
  • Alice from Alice in Wonderland.
  • Belle from Beauty and the Beast.
  • Cinderella from Cinderella.
  • Samwise Gamgee from The Lord of the Rings.
  • Westley from The Princess Bride.
  • Dr. Ellie Sattler from Jurassic Park.
  • Sansa Stark from Game of Thrones.
  • Steve (Captain America) Rogers from the Marvel Universe.
  • Owen Hunt from Grey’s Anatomy.

 

ISTJ -The examiner

Menander: “He who labors diligently need never despair; for all things are accomplished by diligence and labor.”

this type is responsible, dependable and loyal. The examiner is dependable and can be counted on. He always has a plan and he is always prepared. He tends to analyze things and he feels save when he is aware of any aspect of the problems he is dealing with. He does well with subjects that require logic, precision and deliberate observation. He sets specific goals, realistic deadlines and he is structured, scheduled and organized. He works hard in order to meet his obligations. He may be perceived as a rigid person because he does not enjoy being the center of attention and he finds pleasure in solitude. The examiner works on real facts, takes people seriously and he is a critical thinker and oriented toward problem solving. Being loyal, devoted and service-oriented, he always has a goal to deal with. He processes information internally, he tries to control things and he avoids making assumptions. Finally, he is punctual and he loses his temper easily; this is why he sets the deadlines and  he prefers to schedule and control things at work. Examiners are service-oriented. They strive to help others in whatever role they play. They take responsibility seriously and honor their commitments. They fulfill duties without seeking recognition. Their strength is their ability to work hard and to make sacrifices to keep society running smoothly.

ADVICE

“If you are an examiner, try to be honest with the others around you, have confidence in yourself, but sometimes accept the opinion of other people. Do not be afraid to show and express your feelings, since they will help you work better with other people around you. Excessive devotion helps you achieve success in your life, but, at the same time, you seem to be unable to release yourself from the bonds that dominate you and move one step beyond the safe space you have built around you. Make sure you have a happy time and accept your mistakes. After all, as humans, we‘re going to make mistakes“.

Some of the famous examiner

POLITICIANS & WORLD LEADERS

  • George Washington, U.S. President.
  • Andrew Johnson, U.S. President.
  • Benjamin Harrison, U.S. President.
  • Harry Truman, U.S. President.
  • George H. W. Bush, U.S. President.
  • Queen Elizabeth II of Britain.
  • Queen Rania of Jordan.
  • Frederick the Great, King of Prussia.
  • Arthur, Duke of Wellington, British general and prime minister.
  • Rosalynn Carter, U.S. First Lady.
  • Mitt Romney, U.S. governor and presidential candidate.
  • Condoleezza Rice, U.S. Secretary of State.

BUSINESS

  • Henry Ford, U.S. inventor and founder of Ford Motor Company.
  • Jeff Bezos, U.S. founder of Amazon.
  • John D. Rockefeller, U.S. Co-Founder of Standard Oil.
  • Ingvar Kamprad, Swedish founder of IKEA.
  • Peter Thiel, U.S. Co-Founder of PayPal.
  • Elizabeth Holmes, U.S. founder of Theranos.

RELIGIOUS FIGURES

  • Thomas the Apostle.
  • Pope Benedict XVI

ATHLETES

  • Tom Landry, U.S. football coach.
  • John Wooden, U.S. basketball coach.
  • Michael Krzyzewski, U.S. basketball coach.
  • Evander Holyfield, U.S. boxer.
  • Jack Nicklaus, U.S. golfer.
  • Christy Mathewson, U.S. pitcher.
  • Jackie Joyner-Kersee, U.S. track star.

ACTORS & ENTERTAINERS

  • Robert De Niro, U.S. actor.
  • Christopher Lee, English actor.
  • Denzel Washington, U.S. actor.
  • Natalie Portman, U.S. actress.
  • Anthony Hopkins, Welsh actor.
  • Kirk Douglas, U.S. actor.
  • Julia Roberts, U.S. actress.
  • Gary Sinise,S. actor.
  • John Malkovich, U.S. actor.
  • Jean-Claude Van Damme, Belgian martial artist and actor.
  • Johnny Carson, U.S. talk show host and comedian.
  • Malcolm McDowell, English actor.
  • Jack Webb, U.S. actor.
  • Billy Bob Thornton, U.S. actor.
  • Tony Shalhoub, U.S. actor.
  • Jack Palance, U.S. actor.
  • Ethan Hawke, U.S. actor.
  • Nick Offerman, U.S. actor and carpenter.
  • Jamie Hyneman, U.S. special effects engineer and television host. source
  • Danica McKellar, U.S. actress and mathematician.
  • Misha Collins, U.S. actor.
  • Kris Kristofferson, U.S. actor.

MILITARY

  • Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, Confederate general
  • Karl Doenitz, Nazi admiral.
  • Xenophon, Greek military historian.

MUSICIANS

  • George Strait, U.S. country musician.
  • Rivers Cuomo, U.S. musician.
  • Gordon Sumner (Sting), English musician.
  • Alan Jackson, U.S. country singer-songwriter.
  • Martina McBride, U.S. country singer-songwriter.

PHILOSOPHERS

  • Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and psychoanalyst.
  • Martin Heidegger, German philosopher.
  • Thomas Hobbes, English political philosopher

FICTIONAL CHARACTERS

  • Alexei Karenin from Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina.
  • Vegeta from Dragonball Z.
  • Edward Cullen from Twilight.
  • Ron Swanson from Parks and Recreation.
  • Ebenezer Scrooge from A Christmas Carol.
  • Rick Grimes from The Walking Dead.
  • Leroy Gibbs from NCIS.
  • Edmond Dantes, from The Count of Monte Cristo.
  • Severus Snape from the Harry Potter books.
  • Rick Blaine from Casablanca.
  • Owen Lars from Star Wars.
  • Inspector Javert from Les Miserables.
  • Carson from Downton Abbey.
  • Tom Hagen from The Godfather.
  • Sam the Eagle from The Muppets.
  • Peggy Olson from Mad Men.
  • Commissioner Gordon from Batman.
  • Hank Hill from King of the Hill.
  • Martha Jones from Doctor Who.
  • Stannis Baratheon from Game of Thrones.
  • Gale from The Hunger Games.

   ESFJ:The supporter

Jon Krakauer: “Happiness is only real when it is shared.”

It’s a sociable, outgoing and extroverted individual. This individual is deeply caring, understands other people’s needs, tunes his behavior to the needs of others and expresses his thoughts. The supporter collects information in order to take the best possible decisions and enjoys finishing tasks effectively. The supporter is practical, realistic and well-organized in order to achieve his goals. He may be influenced by other people’s views and he may exaggerate in his reactions in order to be appreciated and accepted by other people. He is a goodhearted, friendly, well-organized and supportive individual. He is care-giving, quite popular, and he may be mocked. Supporters focus on their family and close friends. They love people and are gifted at bringing people together. They enjoy interacting with clients and colleagues.

ADVICE

 “If you are a supporter do your best and help others as much as you can. However, try not to ignore yourself and your needs. Give care to other people as much as you can but ask people do things for you too. Saying NO is not bad. You will not lose the appreciation that others have for you by denying something that you are not comfortable with. Do not forget that you are a trustworthy person; So make sure you keep everything in harmony and stable”.

Some of the famous supporters

  ACTORS & ENTERTAINERS

  • Hugh Jackman, Australian actor.
  • Eva Longoria, U.S. actress.
  • Danny Glover, U.S. actor.
  • Rachel McAdams, Canadian actress.
  • Jennifer Garner, U.S. actress.
  • Chris Farley, U.S. actor.
  • Mary Tyler Moore, U.S. actress.
  • Penelope Cruz, Spanish actress and model.
  • Woody Harrelson, U.S. actor.
  • Jack Benny, U.S. comedian and actor.
  • Alyson Hannigan, U.S. actress.
  • Jason Segel, U.S. actor.
  • Dianna Agron, U.S. actress.
  • Sally Struthers, U.S. actress.
  • Tyra Banks, U.S. supermodel and television host.
  • Michael Palin, English comedian and actor.
  • Desi Arnaz, Cuban actor and bandleader.
  • Steve Harvey, U.S. comedian and game show host.
  • Don Knotts, U.S. actor.
  • Sarah Jessica Parker, U.S. actress.
  • Dick Clark, U.S. radio and television host.
  • Vanessa Hudgens, U.S. actress and singer.
  • Evan Rachel Wood, U.S. actress.
  • Martha Stewart, U.S. designer and television personality.
  • Sally Field, U.S. actress.
  • Jessica Biel, U.S. actress.
  • Julie Walters, English actress.

BUSINESS

  • Sam Walton, U.S. founder of Wal-Mart.
  • Andrew Carnegie, Scottish industrialist and philanthropist.
  • Ray Kroc, U.S. founder of McDonald’s.

ATHLETES

  • Terry Bradshaw, U.S. quarterback and broadcaster.
  • Steve Spurrier, U.S. college football coach.
  • Rasheed Wallace, U.S. power forward.
  • Nancy Kerrigan, U.S. figure skater.
  • Joe Gibbs, U.S. football coach.
  • Elvis Stojko, Canadian figure skater.

MUSICIANS

  • Jennifer Lopez, U.S. singer and actress.
  • Elton John, English pianist and singer.
  • Diana Ross, U.S. singer.
  • Tina Turner, U.S. singer and dancer.
  • Mariah Carey, U.S. singer.
  • Alicia Keys, U.S. pianist and singer.
  • Whitney Houston, U.S. singer.
  • Loretta Lynn, U.S. singer.
  • Sammy Davis Jr.,S. singer and actor.
  • Randy Jackson, U.S. musician and television personality.
  • Mary J. Blige, U.S. singer.
  • Geri Halliwell, English singer.
  • Clay Aiken, U.S. singer.
  • Reba McEntire, U.S. singer.
  • Ariana Grande, U.S. singer.
  • Shania Twain, U.S. singer.
  • Victoria Beckham, English singer and fashion designer.
  • Celine Dion, Canadian singer.
  • Ed Sheeran, English singer-songwriter

POLITICIANS & WORLD LEADERS

  • William McKinley, U.S. President.
  • John Boehner, U.S. Speaker of the House.
  • Prince William of Great Britain.
  • Bishop Desmond Tutu, South African social rights activist.
  • John Connally, U.S. Governor of Texas.

JOURNALISTS

  • Larry King, U.S. talk show host.
  • Barbara Walters, U.S. television interviewer.
  • Chris Wallace, U.S. television anchor.
  • Lesley Stahl, U.S. television journalist.

FICTIONAL CHARACTERS

  • Rocky Balboa from the Rocky movies.
  • Joy from Inside Out.
  • Bernadette from The Big Bang Theory.
  • Dorothy from The Wizard of Oz.
  • Leslie Knope from Parks & Recreation.
  • Ned Flanders from The Simpsons.
  • Leonard “Bones” McCoy from Star Trek.
  • Sookie Stackhouse from True Blood.
  • Steven from Steven Universe.
  • Wendy from Peter Pan.
  • Lily from How I Met Your Mother.
  • Bilbo Baggins from The Hobbit.
  • Rose Tyler from Doctor Who.
  • Lady Grantham from Downton Abbey.
  • Sansa Stark from Game of Thrones.
  • Lily Potter from Harry Potter.
  • Primrose Everdeen from The Hunger Games.
  • Jar Jar Binks from Star Wars.
  • Beth Greene from The Walking Dead.
  • Vdel from Dragonball Z.

  ESTJ – overseer

Edmund Burke said: “Good order is the basis of all things”

The overseer is a sociable, outgoing and extroverted individual that explain things in detail in order to have everything under control. He is not satisfied with simple explanations as this individual focuses on details. This individual enjoys people and likes staying connected. The overseer is talkative and assertive. This individual like groups and social gatherings and are energized by interaction. He is dutiful, grounded and responsible and, therefore, he is ready to make decisions, if necessary, relying on logic and facts. The overseer is a honest, confident, loyal, dignified, decent individual who appreciates the abilities of other people. However, sometimes, in order to achieve his goals, he tends to be blunt and insensitive and not always tactful.  He is loyal and committed to family. He appreciates lasting relationships with friends and neighbors. He seeks to create security and stability with specific roles and responsibilities for his loved ones. He prefers having a dominant role, such as the role of the leader or that of the organizer. He believes that hard work may shape the character of the individual. His tactics, his realistic and analytical way of thinking may help him achieve his goals. He takes risks in life, as he is self-confident. He is realist, responsible and efficient. He enjoys setting precise goals and deadlines. He judges his problems based on logic. He is critical thinker and oriented toward problem solving.

ADVICE

 “If you are an overseer, continue to share your knowledge with the other people around you. It is good to set goals in your life and expect to get the best possible result, but, be careful not to be dogmatic and close-minded. No one is safe and infallible, not even you. In case of an error, admit your mistake and you will see how you will work better with yourself and with the other people next time. You know who you are and what you deserve having or achieving, share your knowledge and you will win. “.

 

Some of the famous overseers

POLITICIANS & WORLD LEADERS

  • James Monroe, U.S. President.
  • Andrew Jackson, U.S. President.
  • Benjamin Harrison, U.S. President.
  • Franklin Pierce, U.S. President.
  • Grover Cleveland, U.S. President.
  • Lyndon B. Johnson, U.S. President.
  • Michelle Obama, U.S. First Lady.
  • Sandra Day O’Connor, U.S. Supreme Court Justice.
  • Sonia Sotomayor, U.S. Supreme Court Justice.
  • Rose Kennedy, U.S. matriarch of the Kennedy family.
  • Douglas MacArthur, U.S. general.
  • Bernard Law Montgomery, British general.
  • Saddam Hussein, Iraqi dictator.
  • Augusto Pinochet, Chilean dictator.
  • Carrie Nation, U.S. temperance activist.
  • Eliot Ness, U.S. law enforcement agent.

BUSINESS

  • Steve Ballmer, CEO of Microsoft.
  • Alan Sugar, English entrepreneur.
  • Ivanka Trump, U.S. fashion designer.

JOURNALISTS

  • Megyn Kelly, U.S. news anchor.
  • Bill O’Reilly, U.S. television host.
  • Alan Dershowitz, U.S. lawyer and pundit.
  • Nancy Grace, U.S. television host.
  • Mike Wallace, U.S. interviewer.
  • Laura Schlessinger, U.S. radio host and pundit.

RELIGIOUS FIGURES

  • Paul the Apostle, apostle of Christianity.
  • Billy Graham, U.S. evangelical minister.
  • Jerry Falwell, U.S. evangelical minister.

ACTORS & ENTERTAINERS

  • Daisy Ridley, English actress.
  • Uma Thurman, U.S. actress.
  • Jackie Gleason, U.S. actor.
  • Raymond Burr, U.S. actor.
  • Alec Baldwin, U.S. actor.
  • Laura Linney, U.S. actress.
  • Lucy Liu,S. actress.
  • Drew Carey, U.S. actor and game show host.
  • Joan Rivers, U.S. comedian and talk show host.
  • John de Lancie, U.S. actor.
  • Courteney Cox, U.S. actress.
  • Jeri Ryan, U.S. actress.
  • Mickey Rourke, U.S. boxer and actor.
  • Bette Davis, U.S. actress.
  • Roger Ebert, U.S. movie reviewer.
  • Phil McGraw, U.S. television psychologist.
  • Vinnie Jones, English footballer and actor.
  • Jenny McCarthy, U.S. actress and activist.
  • Kelsey Grammer, U.S. actor.
  • Judith “Judge Judy” Sheindlin, U.S. television judge.
  • Marla Maples, U.S. actress.

MUSIC

  • Trisha Yearwood, U.S. country musician.
  • Celine Dion, Canadian singer.

AUTHORS

  • Tom Clancy, U.S. author.
  • Ann Coulter, U.S. author and pundit.
  • Amy Chua, U.S. “tiger mother” and author.
  • L. James, U.S. author.

ATHLETES

  • Nolan Ryan, U.S. pitcher.
  • Josh Beckett, U.S. pitcher.
  • Pat Summitt, U.S. basketball coach.
  • John Smoltz, U.S. pitcher.

FICTIONAL CHARACTERS

  • Donna Noble from Doctor Who.
  • The Dowager Countess from Downton Abbey.
  • Patmore from Downton Abbey.
  • Simba from The Lion King.
  • Robb Stark from Game of Thrones.
  • Cersei Lannister from Game of Thrones.
  • Dwight Schrute from The Office.
  • Minerva McGonagall from the Harry Potter books.
  • Effie from The Hunger Games.
  • Admiral Bill Adama from Battlestar Galactica.
  • Boromir from The Lord of the Rings.
  • Bryan Mills from the Taken movies.
  • Statler and Waldofr from The Muppets.
  • Claire Dealing from Jurassic World.
  • Darth Vader from Star Wars.
  • Carl Grimes from The Walking Dead.
  • Georg von Trapp from The Sound of Music.

 

2. Personality type

(rationalist, intellectual)

ENTJ – Chief

Steve Maraboli: «Live your vision and demand your success.»

The Chief is an individual who makes strategic plans for the future. The chief is able to effectively organize people and resources in order to achieve long-term goals. He is a leader; he thrives in positions of leadership where they can direct, strategize and mobilize people toward shared goals Sometimes, he disregards the contribution of the people around him and he does not consider much situations. He is dogmatic, close-minded and he may be considered as a thick-skinned individual. This individual likes challenges and, due to his self-confidence, the chief is not afraid to make tough decisions. Due to his strong character, he looks controlling, strict, rigorous, demanding and intimidating and he may be misunderstood. This individual is independent, organized and ambitious and he prefers working in a rapidly growing environment. Competition, rewards and achievements makes him improve himself. He is fair and he works hard for the common good.

ADVICE

 

“If you are a Chief, try to be gentler with other people. Give opportunities and lower your intense reactions and expectations. You may look stiff and intimidating, and you know very well that your goal is the common good. Use your self-confidence and motivate people. Your energy and determination is contagious. It is true that happiness for you is hidden in the joy of success. Success does not matter for you but also for the people around you who have contributed to it”.

Some of the famous chiefs

POLITICIANS

  • Franklin D. Roosevelt, U.S. President.
  • Richard M. Nixon, U.S. President.
  • Alexander Hamilton, U.S. Founder.
  • Winston Churchill, British Prime Minister.
  • Margaret Thatcher, British Prime Minister.
  • Elizabeth I, Queen of England.
  • Julius Caesar, Roman general and Emperor.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte, Italian-French general, emperor, and king.
  • Angela Merkel, German chancellor.
  • Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, Turkish President.
  • Newt Gingrich, U.S. Speaker of the House.
  • Nancy Pelosi, U.S. Speaker of the House.
  • Karl Rove, U.S. political strategist.
  • Rahm Emanuel, U.S. White House chief of staff and mayor of Chicago.
  • Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese democracy activist.
  • Hermann Goering, German military and political leader.
  • Hannibal Barca, Carthaginian general.
  • Rush Limbaugh, U.S. radio host and activist

BUSINESS

  • Bill Gates, U.S. entrepreneur and philanthropist.
  • Warren Buffett, U.S. investor.
  • Steve Jobs, U.S. entrepreneur.
  • Jack Welch, U.S. CEO.

ACTORS & PERFORMERS

  • George Clooney, U.S. actor.
  • Arnold Schwarzenegger, Austrian actor and politician.
  • Harrison Ford, U.S. actor.
  • Jim Carrey, U.S. comedian and actor.
  • Charlize Theron, South African actress.
  • Robert Downey Jr.,S. actor.
  • Dwayne Johnson, U.S. wrestler and actor.
  • Matt Damon, U.S. actor.
  • Patrick Stewart, English actor.
  • Jay Leno, U.S. comedian and talk show host.
  • Jamie Foxx, U.S. comedian and actor.
  • Steve Martin, U.S. comedian, writer, and actor.
  • Katharine Hepburn, U.S. actress.
  • David Letterman, U.S. comedian and talk show host.
  • Quentin Tarantino, U.S. director.
  • Steve Buscemi, U.S. actor.
  • Salma Hayek, Mexican-American actress.
  • Sigourney Weaver, U.S. actress.
  • Peter Sellers, English actor.
  • Penn Jillette, U.S. magician and actor.
  • William H. Macy, U.S. actor.
  • Candace Bergen, U.S. actress.
  • Richard Dean Anderson, U.S. actor.

SCIENTISTS

  • Carl Sagan, U.S. astronomer.
  • Werner von Braun, German engineer.
  • Edward Teller, Hungarian physicist.
  • Murray Rothbard, U.S. economist.

ATHLETES

  • Vince Lombardi, U.S. football coach.
  • Steve Young, U.S. quarterback.
  • Greg Maddux,S. pitcher.
  • Boomer Esiason, U.S. quarterback and broadcaster.
  • Ryne Sandberg, U.S. second baseman.
  • Pau Gasol, Spanish power forward/center.
  • Garry Kasparov, Russian chess grandmaster.

WRITERS

  • Sheryl Sandberg, U.S. COO and author.
  • Robert James Waller, U.S. author.

MUSICIANS

  • Adele, English singer.
  • Gene Simmons, U.S. rock musician.
  • Ice-T,S. rapper and actor.
  • David Geffen, U.S. music and film producer.
  • Steve Vai, U.S. guitarist.

FICTIONAL CHARACTERS

  • King Claudius from Hamlet.
  • Falstaff from Shakespeare’s histories.
  • Lex Luthor, Superman’s arch-enemy.
  • Tom Riddle, aka Lord Voldemort from the Harry Potter books and movies.
  • Imperator Furiosa from Mad Max: Fury Road.
  • Tywin Lannister from Game of Thrones.
  • Claire and Frank Underwood from House of Cards.
  • Princess Leia Organa of Star Wars.
  • Lady Mary Crawley of Downton Abbey.
  • Irene Adler, Sherlock Holmes’s foil from Elementary and Sherlock.

ENTP: Originator

Joseph Joubert: “It is better to debate a question without settling it than to settle a question without debating it.”

The Originator thrives at finding solutions to problems, being inventive, innovative, intellectually quick and skilled at what he does, as he discovers and processes information through patterns and impressions within a system. The Originator enjoys developing strategies and benefits from new opportunities. The Originator is a smart individual who thinks on problems and makes decisions with his head and is driven by logic, even though he, sometimes, avoids making decisions and may be very enthusiastic about the ideas he generates, even if these ideas are not feasible. The Originator is deeply imaginative and his though process is abstract and theoretical. He prefers working on his own and he thrives at finding crafty solutions to technical problems and promoting new ideas and opportunities as he loves to share interests and ideas with those closest to him.

Thus, the Originator sees life as a puzzle where he has to make all the pieces fit together. His greatest contribution is his ability to pursue and succeed at any risk-taking venture.

ADVICE

 “If you are an Originator, use your energy and vitality in order to achieve your goals. Work with the people around you as they will generate ideas that may help you aspire to greatness and achieve significant goals. You are able to re-organize things and make all the pieces of the puzzle fit together. Your ideas are original, you are gifted at coming up with new and efficient approaches and you are aware of it. You enjoy the give and take of relationships and love to debate since you are interested in arguments, challenges and projects that can be used and marketed and you learn by arguing and challenging. You are a frank, outspoken individual and this may annoy other people. So, try to be good, well-behaved; this will make you more convincing, more persuasive and acceptable to other people”.

Some of the famous Originators

POLITICIANS

  • Rutherford B. Hayes, U.S. President.
  • James Garfield, U.S. President.
  • Theodore Roosevelt, U.S. President.
  • Catherine the Great leader of Russia.
  • Edmund Burke, English political philosopher.
  • Sir Walter Raleigh, English courtier and explorer.

SCIENTISTS & ENGINEERS

  • Thomas Edison, U.S. inventor.
  • Leonardo da Vinci, Italian artist and inventor.
  • Benjamin Franklin, U.S. polymath.
  • Steve Wozniak, U.S. inventor and programmer.
  • Richard Feynman, U.S. physicist.
  • James Dyson, English inventor and designer.

MILITARY

  • E. B. Stuart, Confederate general.
  • Alexander the Great, Macedonian general and king.

AUTHORS & PHILOSOPHERS

  • Socrates, Greek philosopher.
  • Francois Arouet (Voltaire), French satirist and philosopher.
  • Francois Rabelais, French satirist.
  • David Hume, Scottish philosopher.
  • Marilyn Vos Savant, U.S. newspaper columnist.
  • Dorothy L. Sayers, English mystery novelist.
  • Samuel Butler, English novelist.

ACTORS, COMEDIANS, & ENTERTAINERS

  • Tom Hanks, U.S. actor.
  • Benedict Cumberbatch, English actor.
  • Neil Patrick Harris, U.S. actor and entertainer.
  • Jon Stewart, U.S. comedian and talk show host.
  • Ashton Kutcher, U.S. actor.
  • Amy Poehler, U.S. comedian and actress.
  • Chris Rock,S. comedian.
  • Alfred Hitchcock, English director.
  • John Cleese, English comedian.
  • Matthew Perry, U.S. actor.
  • Martin Scorsese, U.S. director.

Gene Wilder, U.S. actor.

  • Gillian Anderson, U.S. actor.
  • Rowan Atkinson, English comedian.
  • Lily Tomlin, U.S. actor.
  • Stephen Colbert, U.S. comedian and talk show host.
  • John Candy, U.S. actor.
  • Stephen Fry, English comedian and author.
  • Sacha Baron Cohen, English comedian and actor.
  • Sarah Silverman, U.S. comedian.
  • Larry David, U.S. writer and actor.
  • Bill Hicks, U.S. comedian.
  • Bill Maher, U.S. comedian and talk show host.
  • Adam Savage, U.S. television host and special effects designer.
  • Federico Fellini, Italian director.
  • Diablo Cody, U.S. scriptwriter

DESIGNERS

  • Karl Lagerfeld, German fashion designer.
  • MUSICIANS
  • Weird Al Yankovic, U.S. parodist.
  • Frank Zappa, U.S. musician.
  • Harry Connick, Jr., U.S. singer.
  • David Evans (The Edge), British guitarist.
  • Tom Waits, U.S. singer-songwriter.
  • Les Paul, U.S. guitarist.
  • Dave Matthews, U.S. singer-songwriter.

BUSINESS

  • Mark Cuban, U.S. entrepreneur and investor.

ATHLETES

  • Babe Ruth, U.S. pitcher and slugger.
  • Red Auerbach, U.S. basketball coach.
  • Andrew Luck, U.S. quarterback.
  • Curt Schilling, U.S. pitcher.
  • Larry Fitzgerald, U.S. wide receiver.
  • Bill Russell, U.S. center.

FICTIONAL CHARACTERS

  • Tyrion Lannister from Game of Thrones.
  • Saul Goodman from Breaking Bad and Better Call Saul.
  • Tony “Iron Man” Stark from the Marvel Cinematic Universe.
  • Richard Castle from Castle.
  • Annie Hall from Annie Hall.
  • Nick Wilde from Zootopia.
  • Peter “Star-Lord” Quill from Guardians of the Galaxy.
  • Mark Watney from The Martian.
  • 10th Doctor from Doctor Who.
  • Thomas Barrow from Downton Abbey.
  • Sirius Black from Harry Potter.
  • Barney Stinson from How I Met Your Mother.
  • Cosima Nieuhaus from Orphan Black.
  • Plutarch from The Hunger Games.
  • Merry from The Lord of the Rings.
  • Julius Strangepork from The Muppets.
  • R2-D2 from Star Wars.
  • Merle from The Walking Dead

    INTJ – Strategist

“There is always room for improvement you know- it’s the biggest room in the house.” (Louise Heath Leber)

The Strategist is an independent individual who likes inventions.  The Strategist may often define a long-term vision and find innovative solutions when it comes to complex problems. He is a gifted strategist with analytical, conceptual and objective mind and he works being based on logic. His strong will makes him set high standards, take risks and achieve their final goals. He is quite demanding, strict, thick-skinned, hard-headed and unapproachable. He feels comfortable in a demanding environment where he may work with specialists and people who are specialized in their areas.

The Strategist is a gifted theorist. The Strategist thrives on understanding and formulating complex systems. Of all the personality types, the Strategist is the most penetrating in thought and insight. His greatest contribution is his desire to produce mastery and achievement that reflects his brilliant mind.

ADVICE

 “If you are a strategist, it would be nice to leave yourself a little free. Being too dedicated at work, you may neglect to consider the contribution of others. It is not easy for you to engage in social discussions as you are considered private, abstract reserved, withdrawn and antisocial. So, try to get more in touch with people around you and share your knowledge with others. Do not prejudiced towards people, not all of them are lazy and selfish. The original ideas will stimulate the people around you and you will impress them with your way of thinking.”

 

Some of the famous strategists

POLITICIANS

  • Chester A. Arthur
  • Woodrow Wilson
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • John F. Kennedy
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • James K. Polk
  • Calvin Coolidge
  • Al Gore, US Senator and Vice President.
  • Colin Powell, US general and secretary of state.
  • Hillary Clinton, US Senator and secretary of state.
  • Donald Rumsfeld, US secretary of defense.
  • Julia Gillard, Australian prime minister.
  • Abigail Adams, US First Lady.
  • Susan B. Anthony, early feminist leader.
  • Everett Koop, US surgeon general.
  • Michael Dukakis, governor of Massachusetts and presidential candidate.
  • Vladimir Lenin, Russian revolutionary.
  • Augustus Caesar, Emperor of Rome.
  • Hannibal Barca, Carthinagian general.

ATHLETES

  • Lance Armstrong, US cyclist.
  • Arthur Ashe, US tennis player.
  • Martina Navratilova, Czech/US tennis player.
  • Ivan Lendl, Czech/US tennis player.
  • Orel Hershisher, US pitcher.
  • Bill Belichick, NFL coach.
  • Nick Saban, US coach, University of Alabama.
  • Tom Kite, US golfer.
  • Bobby Fischer, US chess grandmaster.

SCIENTISTS

  • Isaac Newton, English physicist.
  • Stephen Hawking, English astrophysicist.
  • Nikola Tesla, Serbian physicist and inventor.
  • Charles Darwin, English biologist.
  • John Nash, US mathematician.
  • John Maynard Keynes, US economist.
  • Lise Meitner, Austrian physicist.
  • Norbert Wiener, US mathematician.

AUTHORS

  • Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, aka Lewis Carroll, English mathematician and author of the Alice in Wonderland books.
  • S. Lewis, English author of the Chronicles of Narnia.
  • Ayn Rand, US author of Atlas Shrugged and other books.
  • Isaac Asimov, US biochemist and science fiction author.
  • Jane Austen, English author.
  • Sylvia Plath, US poet.
  • L. Mencken, US journalist.
  • Emily Bronte, English author.
  • Sun Tzu, Chinese military strategist and author.
  • William F. Buckley, US journalist and author.

PHILOSOPHERS

  • Friedrich Nietzsche, German author and philosopher.
  • W. F. Hegel, German philosopher.
  • Jean-Paul Sartre, French author and philosopher.
  • Heraclitus, ancient Greek philosopher.
  • Martin Luther, German theologian.

MUSICIANS

  • Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer.
  • Glenn Gould, Canadian pianist.
  • Erik Satie, French composer and pianist.
  • Jay-Z, US rapper, producer, and entrepreneur.
  • Elvis Costello, Irish musician.
  • Roger Waters, English rocker.

BUSINESS

  • Mark Zuckerberg, founder of Facebook.
  • Elon Musk, founder of PayPal, Space-X, and Tesla Motors.

ENTERTAINMENT

  • Jodie Foster, US actor, producer, and director.
  • Stanley Kubrick, US director.
  • Dan Aykroyd, Canadian and US actor.
  • Russell Crowe, New Zealand actor.
  • James Cameron, Canadian director.

CRIMINALS

  • Ted Kaczynski, the Unabomber.
  • Meyer Lansky, US gambler and gangster.
  • Adam Worth, German-American art thief, the “Napoleon of Crime.”
  • Anders Breivik, Norwegian Mass Murderer.

FICTIONAL CHARACTERS

  • Sherlock Holmes, consulting detective.
  • Professor Moriarty, Holmes’s opposite, is an INTJ as well.
  • Hannibal Lecter, serial killer.
  • He, too, is opposed by an INTJ, Clarice Starling.
  • Walter White, chemist turned drug dealer.
  • Gus Fring, Walter’s nemesis, is also an example of an INTJ.
  • Gregory House, pathologist.
  • Light Yagami, high school student and mass murderer.
  • Bruce Wayne, aka Batman.

    INTP – Engineer 

“If I had an hour to solve a problem I’d spend 55 minutes thinking about the problem and 5 minutes thinking about solutions.” (Albert Einstein)

The Engineer is able to think strategically and create notional models in order to perceive complex problems. He tends to adopt a concise analysis mode of the surroundings and discovers new, innovative approaches. He judges situations based on logic. He thrives on the theoretical, he is a critical thinker and he is oriented toward problem solving by using authentic and innovative solutions. “Learning” and “notion(s)” are paramount concepts of the Engineer. He loves to learn things and his focus is always on his intellectual pursuits.  He works mainly in an environment that provides time and space, although he may not have a clear sense of direction and ignores important facts or practical details. He may concentrate on his tasks and he does not routine, rigid rules and pressure.

ADVICE

 “If you are an engineer, then, congratulations for being a carefree individual a person who loves expressing himself freely and spontaneously. You are a creative person with complex and unusual ideas. Be careful, however, because, due to your thoughts that sometimes may be absurd, you may be misunderstood by other people. Try to express your thoughts in a meaningful way so that others can give you an opinion on what you are saying. You are not an ordinary person and you know it. Share your thoughts and beliefs with others, but you should use a bit more logical thinking. “

Some of the famous engineer

SCIENTISTS

  • Albert Einstein, German physicist.
  • Charles Darwin, English naturalist.
  • Marie Curie, Polish physicist and chemist.
  • William Harvey, English physician.
  • William James, American psychologist.

    PHILOSPHERS

  • Immanuel Kant, German philosopher.
  • Hannah Arendt, German-American political theorist.
  • Adam Smith, English economist.
  • Herbert Spencer, English philosopher.
  • Friedrich Hayek, Austrian economist.
  • Blaise Pascal, French philosopher.
  • Eckhart Tolle, German-Canadian spiritualist.
  • Rene Descartes, French philosopher.
  • Thomas Aquinas, Italian priest and theologian.

ATHLETES

  • Dikembe Mutombo, Congolese center.
  • Art Monk, U.S. wide receiver.
  • Cathy Freeman, Australian sprinter.

POLITICIANS & WORLD LEADERS

  • Abraham Lincoln, U.S. President.
  • James Madison, U.S. President.
  • John Quincy Adams, U.S. President.
  • John Tyler, U.S. President.
  • Gerald Ford, U.S. President.
  • Alan Greenspan, U.S. Federal Reserve chairman.
  • George Soros, Hungarian-American hedge fund manager and political activist.
  • Edward Snowden, U.S. whistleblower.

AUTHORS

  • Harper Lee, U.S. novelist.
  • John le Carre, English novelist.
  • Stanley Crouch, U.S. poet and jazz musician.
  • Thucydides, Greek historian.
  • Randall Munroe, U.S. cartoonist.
  • Robert A. Heinlein, U.S. author.

MUSICIANS

  • Liam Gallagher, English singer.
  • Henry Mancini, U.S. composer.
  • Neil Peart, Canadian drummer.
  • Mark Mothersbaugh, U.S. musician.
  • Glenn Gould, Canadian pianist.
  • Bob Moog, U.S. inventor of the Moog synthesizer.
  • Aphex Twin, Irish electronic musician.
  • I.A., English hip-hop artist.

BUSINESS

  • Paul Allen, U.S. cofounder of Microsoft.
  • Larry Page, U.S. cofounder of Google.

ARTISTS & ENTERTAINERS

  • Tina Fey, U.S. actress.
  • Dustin Hoffman, U.S. actor.
  • Sigourney Weaver, U.S. actress.
  • Geoffrey Rush, Australian actor.
  • Gabriel Byrne, Irish actor.
  • Rick Moranis, Canadian actor and screenwriter.
  • John Cusack, U.S. actor.
  • Bob Newhart, U.S. comedian and actor.
  • Gregory Peck, U.S. actor.
  • Andy Richter, U.S. comedian.
  • Ellen Page, Canadian actress.
  • Amy Smart, U.S. actress.
  • David Cronenberg, U.S. director.
  • Kate Moss, English model.
  • Ben Stein, U.S. economist, television pundit, and actor.
  • Diane Lane,S. actress.
  • Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen, U.S. actresses and designers.
  • Asia Carrera, U.S. actress.
  • Kristen Stewart, U.S. actress.

FICTIONAL CHARACTERS

  • Sheldon Cooper from The Big Bang Theory.
  • Gandalf from The Lord of the Rings.
  • Death from Terry Pratchett’s Discworld books.
  • Hermione Granger from Harry Potter.
  • Bruce Banner, alter-ego of the Incredible Hulk.
  • Tom Branson from Downton Abbey.
  • Ian Malcolm from Jurassic Park.
  • Violet Baudelaire from the A Series of Unfortunate Events books.
  • Yoda from Star Wars.
  • Velma Dinkley from Scooby-Doo.
  • Eugene Porter from The Walking Dead.
  • Neo from The Matrix.
  • Maester Luwin from Game of Thrones.
  • The 9th Doctor from Doctor Who.
  • Haymitch Abernathy from The Hunger Games.
  • Bunsen Honeydew from The Muppets.
  • Gero from Dragonball Z.

 

 3. Personality Type

(idealist, visionary) ENFJ – Mentor

“Enthusiasm spells the difference between mediocrity and accomplishment.” (Norman Vincent Peale)

The Mentor is a supportive individual who has a cooperative attitude towards other people. This individual has the ability to inspire other people and his decisions always respect other people’s values. He works closely with other people and he respects their views. He talks a lot and he may be discouraged if the other people do not interact in the same way by comments and views as he wants to be appreciated. He has a difficult time in situations of conflict where consensus is missing. The Mentor may disregard real issues when making decisions. The Mentor is a decisive, organized and, most of all, supportive and communicative individual. The Mentor learns through interaction, has excellent communication skills, needs to talks and accepts criticism, either positive or negative. His way of talking to others makes him persuasive. This individual enjoys making other people develop new skills, use their time and complete their tasks within the deadlines. He does well in environments that provide cooperation, harmony and meaningful interaction, especially when working for a common goal.

ADVICE

 “If you are a Mentor, you are a goodhearted, well-intentioned individual. These qualities are an asset of your personality, but, beware, because you are easily excited and become more excited in crowds. Be a little more leery, a little mistrustful, more, but do not overdo it.”

Some of the famous mentors 

POLITICIANS

  • Barack Obama, U.S. President
  • Nancy Reagan, U.S. First Lady
  • Nelson Mandela, South African revolutionary leader and President.
  • Mikhail Gorbachev, Soviet premier.
  • Francois Mitterrand, French president.
  • Vaclav Havel, Czech playwright and president.
  • Yasser Arafat, Palestine Liberation Organization leader.
  • Elizabeth Dole, US Senator.
  • Joseph Goebbels, Nazi propagandist.

RELIGIOUS FIGURES

  • Pope John Paul II, Polish Catholic leader.
  • Martin Luther King Jr., US minister and civil rights activist.
  • Norman Vincent Peale, US minister and “positive thinking” proponent.

HISTORICAL FIGURES

  • David, Israeli hero and king.
  • Pericles, Greek statesman and general.
  • Marcus Tullius Cicero, Roman orator and philosopher.

ACTORS

  • Jennifer Lawrence, U.S. actress.
  • Julia Louis-Dreyfus, U.S. comedian and actress.
  • Morgan Freeman, U.S. actor.
  • Andy Griffith, U.S. actor.
  • Reese Witherspoon, U.S. actress.
  • Helena Bonham Carter, British actress.
  • Dakota Fanning, U.S. actress
  • Ben Affleck, U.S. actor.
  • Emma Stone, U.S. actress.
  • Jimmy Stewart, U.S. actor.
  • Matthew McConaughey, U.S. actor.
  • Sean Connery, Scottish actor.
  • Kirstie Alley, U.S. actress.
  • Teresa Palmer, Australian actress.
  • Lauren Graham, U.S. actress.
  • Kristen Wiig, U.S. comedienne and actress.

JOURNALISTS and INTERVIEWERS

  • Oprah Winfrey, U.S. talk show host.
  • Diane Sawyer, U.S. journalist and news anchor.
  • Nigella Lawson, British cook and television personality.
  • James Lipton, U.S. actor and talk show host.
  • Charlie Rose, U.S. journalist and talk show host.

MUSICIANS

  • Bono, Irish musician and philanthropist.
  • Freddie Mercury, British musician.
  • Katy Perry, U.S. musician.
  • KRS-One, U.S. rapper.
  • Zack de la Rocha, U.S. musician.
  • Demi Lovato, U.S. musician and actress.
  • Natasha Bedingfield, British musician.
  • Regina Spektor, Russian – U.S. musician.

ATHLETES

  • Michael Jordan, U.S. basketball player.
  • Peyton Manning, NFL quarterback.
  • Cristiano Ronaldo, Portuguese soccer player.
  • Jeff Kent, U.S. baseball player.
  • John Wooden, U.S. basketball coach.
  • Pete Sampras, U.S. tennis player.
  • Juli Inkster, U.S. golfer.

WRITERS

  • Maya Angelou, U.S. poet.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer and philosopher.
  • William Cullen Bryant, U.S. poet and journalist.
  • Erasmus of Rotterdam, Dutch scholar and writer.
  • Matthieu Ricard, French writer and monk.

PSYCHOLOGISTS

  • Abraham Maslow, U.S. psychologist.
  • Alfred Adler, Austrian physician and psychotherapist.
  • Erich Fromm, German psychologist and sociologist.
  • Drew “Dr. Drew” Pinsky, U.S. psychologist and TV host.

FICTIONAL CHARACTERS

  • Emma Woodhouse from Emma
  • Catherine Earnshaw from Wuthering Heights
  • Elizabeth Bennet from Pride and Prejudice
  • Amy March from Little Women
  • Isobel Crawley from Downton Abbey.
  • Margaery Tyrell from Game of Thrones.
  • Clara Oswald from Doctor Who.
  • Peeta Mellark from The Hunger Games.
  • Judy Hopps from Zootopia.
  • Regina from Once Upon a Time.
  • Prince Hans from Frozen.

  ENFP – advocate

 “Ideas can be life-changing. Sometimes all you need to open the door is just one more good idea”. (Jim Rohn)

Moving quickly from one project to another, this individual is willing to examine any possibility and develop multiple solutions for any problem. His energy is encouraged by people and experiences. This individual is positive and outgoing. He smiles a lot. This individual has a warm and caring personality and this good mood may influence other people.  He is an optimistic and supportive individual who expresses his feelings and enjoys being appreciated for his creativity and efforts. He may have an issue when he sets priorities. Being a very social person, he prefers working with others in groups and he enjoys working with active and enterprising people. Being a friendly, others-focused, outgoing and innovative personality, he encourages other people’s skills and team player sharing himself freely and generously and offering solutions to any problem.

 

ADVICE

 “Being this personality type, you are a pleasant person and people enjoy working with you. You are a free spirit and you think a lot. Sometimes, things do not end up as you wish, so do not get disappointed… It’s normal…  Control your excitement in order to be less frustrated if things do not end well. Listen carefully to other people’s views. You are a sensitive person and you may perceive things perfectly.  Use your intuition in order to explore everything around you step by step.”

 

WRITERS

  • Charles Dickens, English author.
  • Hunter S. Thompson, U.S. gonzo journalist.
  • Theodor Geisel (Dr. Seuss), U.S. children’s book author.
  • Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain), U.S. journalist and author.
  • Anne Frank, German-Jewish diarist.
  • Anais Nin, French diarist and author.
  • Kurt Vonnegut, U.S. novelist.
  • Bill Bryson, U.S. author.

COMEDIANS

  • George Carlin, U.S. comedian.
  • Robin Williams, U.S. comedian and actor.
  • Andy Kaufman, U.S. comedian and performance artist.
  • Ellen Degeneres, U.S. comedian and talk show host.
  • Ricky Gervais, English comedian.
  • Jerry Seinfeld, U.S. comedian and actor.
  • Amy Schumer, U.S. comedian and actress.
  • Bill Cosby, U.S. comedian.

ACTORS & FILMMAKERS

  • Jennifer Aniston, U.S. actress.
  • Drew Barrymore, U.S. actress.
  • Elle Fanning, U.S. actress (source: personal communication)
  • Sandra Bullock, U.S. actress.
  • Walt Disney, U.S. director and producer.
  • Keanu Reeves, U.S. actor.
  • Russell Brand, English actor.
  • J. Abrams, U.S. director.
  • Daniel Radcliffe, English actor.
  • Kat Dennings, U.S. actor.
  • Orson Welles, U.S. actor and director.
  • Martin Freeman, English actor.
  • Meg Ryan, U.S. actress.
  • Sarah Michelle Gellar, U.S. actress.
  • Cuba Gooding, Jr., U.S. actor.
  • Regis Philbin, U.S. talk and game show host.

MUSICIANS

  • John Lennon,, English musician.
  • Bob Dylan, U.S. musician.
  • Bruce Springsteen, U.S. rocker.
  • Gwen Stefani, U.S. singer and designer.
  • Cher, U.S. singer and actress.
  • Ozzy Osbourne, English heavy metal musician.
  • Janis Joplin, U.S. musician.
  • Justin Timberlake, U.S. singer and actor.
  • Franz Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer.
  • Joan Jett, U.S. musician.
  • Jewel,S. singer-songwriter.
  • Melissa Etheridge, U.S. musician.

POLITICIANS & JOURNALISTS

  • Fidel Castro, Cuban revolutionary.
  • Che Guevara, Cuban revolutionary.
  • James Dobson, U.S. evangelical leader.
  • Rachel Maddow, U.S. talk show host and author.
  • Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Iranian president.
  • Julian Assange, Australian journalist and WikiLeaks founder.
  • Katie Couric, U.S. journalist and talk show host.
  • Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan revolutionary.

ARTISTS

  • Salvador Dali, Spanish surrealist.

ATHLETES

  • Tom Brady, U.S. quarterback.
  • Jerry Rice, U.S. wide receiver.
  • Kevin Garnett, U.S. power forward and center.
  • Dwight Gooden, U.S. pitcher.
  • Drew Brees, U.S. quarterback.
  • Yao Ming, Chinese center.

BUSINESS

  • Dave Thomas, U.S. founder of Wendy’s restaurants.

SCIENTISTS

  • Michio Kaku, U.S. physicist and futurist.
  • Brian Cox, English physicist and television host.

FICTIONAL CHARACTERS

  • Po from the Kung Fu Panda movies.
  • Willy Wonka from Charlie and the Chocolate Factory.
  • Calvin from Calvin and Hobbes.
  • The Genie from Aladdin.
  • Harley Quinn from DC Comics.
  • Eliza Doolittle from My Fair Lady.
  • Finn from Star Wars: The Force Awakens
  • Cookie Lyon from Empire.
  • Ariel from The Little Mermaid.
  • George Bailey from It’s A Wonderful Life.
  • The 11th Doctor from Doctor Who.
  • Anna from Downton Abbey.
  • Renly Baratheon from Game of Thrones.
  • Ron Weasley from Harry Potter.
  • Johanna from The Hunger Games.
  • Faramir from The Lord of the Rings.
  • Bob from The Walking Dead.

   INFJ – confidant

“If you have a dream, don’t just sit there. Gather courage to believe that you can succeed and leave no stone unturned to make it a reality.” (Rooplen)

The Confidant is the individual who tries to inspire people and tries to find new ways in order to make any vision come true. He may seem that he has a sense of individualism that other people cannot understand. Although he enjoys being a mystery, he also longs to be known and understood. In general, the Confidant is an idealistic and a very organized individual. He attracts other people’s attention with his kind and gentle behavior. The Confidant is a sensitive individual who connects with others easily and firmly. He expresses his sensitive side of personality very often and he prefers working for humanitarian organizations, innovative programs and services that satisfy the deeper, spiritual needs of people.  The Confidant has a strong will and strong views as well.

ADVICE

 “If you are a Confidant, keep in mind that you should not only give things to other people, but also take from them. You are easily be tense and anxious and you may feel extremely stressed in different occasions and situations and that brings you down. Try to control your intense anger and your tendency to exaggerate about things. Create things as much as you please, without exaggerating and getting tired, both physically and mentally.”

 Some of the famous confidants MUSICIANS

  • Taylor Swift, U.S. singer-songwriter.
  • Pete Townshend, English musician.
  • George Harrison, English musician.
  • Peter Gabriel, English musician.
  • Marilyn Manson, U.S. musician.
  • Alice Cooper, U.S. musician.
  • Alanis Morissette, Canadian singer-songwriter.
  • Roger Waters, English musician.
  • Leonard Cohen, Canadian singer-songwriter.
  • Aimee Mann, U.S. musician.
  • Trent Reznor, U.S. singer-songwriter.
  • John Williams, Australian composer.

SCIENTISTS

  • Carl Jung, Swiss psychologist and psychotherapist.
  • Jane Goodall, British primatologist.

WRITERS & PHILOSOPHERS

  • Plato, Greek philosopher.
  • Geoffrey Chaucer, English author.
  • Dante Aligheri, Italian poet.
  • Leo Tolstoy, Russian author.
  • K. Rowling, English author.
  • Aristophanes, Greek playwright.
  • Simone de Beauvoir, French feminist and philosopher.
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne, U.S. author.
  • Noam Chomsky, U.S. linguist and social critic.
  • Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian political prisoner and writer.
  • Garry Trudeau, U.S. cartoonist.
  • Fyodor Dostoevsky, Russian author.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft, English author.
  • Baruch Spinoza, Dutch philosopher.
  • James Reston, U.S. journalist.

POLITICIANS & WORLD LEADERS

  • Martin Van Buren, U.S. president.
  • Eleanor Roosevelt, U.S. First Lady.
  • Ron Paul,S. Senator.
  • Shirley Temple Black, U.S. child actor and ambassador.
  • Mahatma Gandhi, Indian civil rights leader.
  • Queen Noor of Jordan.
  • Adolf Hitler, Nazi dictator.
  • Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary.
  • Osama Bin Laden, Saudi terrorist.
  • Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwean dictator.

ACTORS & ENTERTAINERS

  • Al Pacino, U.S. actor.
  • Cate Blanchett, Australian actress.
  • Shirley MacLaine S. actress.
  • Mel Gibson, Australian actor.
  • Daniel Day-Lewis, British actor.
  • Tilda Swinton, English actress.
  • Michael Landon, U.S. actor.
  • Edward Norton, U.S. actor.
  • Sela Ward, U.S. actor.
  • Sidney Poitier, Bahamian actor.
  • Hilary Swank, U.S. actress.
  • Alec Guinness, English actor.
  • Rooney Mara, U.S. actress.
  • Billy Crystal, U.S. comedian and actor.
  • Carey Mulligan, English actress.
  • Claudia Schiffer, German model.
  • Adrien Brody, U.S. actor.
  • Nicole Kidman, Australian actor.
  • Michelle Pfeiffer, U.S. actor.
  • Mark Harmon, U.S. actor.
  • Tom Selleck, U.S. actor.
  • Carrie Fisherr, U.S. actress.
  • Derren Brown, U.S. magician.
  • Hilary Duff, U.S. actress.
  • Sofia Coppola, U.S. director.

FICTIONAL CHARACTERS

  • Atticus Finch from To Kill a Mockingbird.
  • Walter from The Muppets.
  • Prince Caspian from C. S. Lewis’s Narnia books.
  • Jon Snow from Game of Thrones.
  • Melisandre from Game of Thrones.
  • Liz Lemon from 30 Rock.
  • Will Graham, Hannibal Lecter’s pursuer from Red Dragon and Hannibal.
  • Eponine from Les Miserables.
  • Nick Stokes from CSI.
  • Lady Galadriel from The Lord of the Rings.
  • The Splendid Angharad from Mad Max: Fury Road.
  • King Mongkut from Anna and the King.
  • Amy Pond from Doctor Who.
  • Remus Lupin from Harry Potter.
  • Bates from Downton Abbey.
  • Rue from The Hunger Games.
  • Obi-Wan Kenobi from Star Wars.
  • Hershel from The Walking Dead.
  • Bates from Downton Abbey.
  • Trunks from Dragonball Z.

 INFP – dreamer

 “If you light a lamp for somebody, it will also brighten your path.” (Wonderful People)

The Dreamer is a kind, idealistic, deeply sensitive and artistic individual who tries to help for a common goal. He likes to help the people he cares for and he is a flexible and spontaneous individual. He is a creative individual who generates endless possibilities and ideas and strives for integrity and honesty. He likes to express his feelings, thoughts and creativity through writing and arts, as he has a need to create and express himself. He enjoys helping other people up to the end and he his an individual who shares his values with other people.

ADVICE

“If you are a dreamer, then, you know that you are α quite cautious and meticulous individual. But, the reason you do not easily share some of your feelings and thoughts with others, makes it difficult for others to understand you. You are devoted to your art and that’s a positive thing. However, try to keep a balance between what you want and what other people want. Focus on sharing your ideas with others in order to have your way of thinking understood.”

Some of the famous dreamers

AUTHORS

  • William Shakespeare, English playwright.
  • Edgar Allen Poe, U.S. author and poet.
  • Publius Virgilius Maro (Virgil), Roman poet.
  • Bill Watterson, U.S. cartoonist.
  • George Orwell, English author.
  • William Blake, English poet and engraver.
  • S. Lewis, English author.
  • Antoine de Saint-Exupery, French author and pilot.
  • Virginia Woolf, English author.
  • Hans Christian Andersen, Danish author.
  • Milne, English author.
  • John Milton, English poet.
  • Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher and poet.
  • R. R. Tolkien, English author.
  • Amy Tan, U.S. author.

ARTISTS

  • Vincent Van Gogh, Dutch painter.
  • Andy Warhol, U.S. artist and filmmaker.

RELIGIOUS & INSPIRATIONAL FIGURES

  • Mary, mother of Jesus.
  • Luke, disciple of Jesus.
  • John, disciple of Jesus.
  • Fred Rogers, U.S. minister and children’s television host.
  • Helen Keller, U.S. political activist and author.
  • Albert Schweitzer, French-German physician and theologian.

MUSICIANS

  • Joni Mitchell, Canadian singer and artist.
  • Carlos Santana, Mexican-American guitarist.
  • Tori Amos, U.S. singer.
  • Bob Marley, Jamaican singer.
  • Thom Yorke, English singer.
  • Fiona Apple, U.S. singer.
  • John Mayer, U.S. singer.
  • Sarah MacLachlan, Canadian singer.
  • Lenny Kravitz, U.S. singer.
  • Ronnie James Dio, U.S. singer.
  • James Taylor, U.S. singer.
  • Chris Martin, British singer.
  • Robert Smith, English singer and guitarist.

ATHLETES

  • Derek Jeter, U.S. first baseman.
  • Dirk Nowitzki, German power forward.
  • Roberto Clemente, Puerto Rican right fielder.
  • Mariano Rivera, Panamanian pitcher.
  • Julius Erving, U.S. small forward.

ACTORS & ENTERTAINERS

  • Hugh Laurie, English actor.
  • Marlon Brando, U.S. actor.
  • Johnny Depp, U.S. actor.
  • Tom Hiddleston, English actor.
  • Nicolas Cage, U.S. actor.
  • Jude Law, English actor.
  • Mia Farrow, U.S. actress and activist.
  • Emily Blunt, English actress. Richard Gere, U.S. actor.
  • Louis C.K., U.S. comedian.
  • Chloe Sevigny, U.S. actress and designer.
  • Tim Burton, U.S. director.
  • Lisa Kudrow, U.S. actress.
  • David Lynch, U.S. director.
  • Gary Oldman, English actor.
  • Teller,S. magician.
  • Andrew Garfield, U.S. actor.
  • Fred Savage, U.S. actor.
  • Jennifer Jason Leigh, U.S. actress.

FICTIONAL CHARACTERS

  • Cosette from Les Miserables.
  • Gohan from Dragonball Z.
  • Charlie Brown from Peanuts.
  • Bella Swan from the Twilight series.
  • Tyreese from The Walking Dead.
  • Carl Fredricksen from Up.
  • Luke Skywalker from Star Wars.
  • Scout Finch, narrator of To Kill a Mockingbird.
  • Daria Morgendorffer from Daria.
  • Kermit the Frog from The Muppets.
  • Frodo Baggins from The Lord of the Rings.
  • Jane Eyre from the book of the same name.
  • Mags from The Hunger Games.
  • Romeo Montague and Juliet Capulet from Romeo and Juliet.
  • Luna Lovegood from Harry Potter.
  • Marshall from How I Met Your Mother.
  • Matthew Crawley from Downton Abbey.
  • Sweeney Todd from the play of the same name.
  • Idris from Doctor Who.
  • Daenerys Targaryen from Game of Thrones.

 

4. Personality type

 (artisan, creator)

ESTP – persuader

“Action may not always bring happiness, but there is no happiness without action.” (William James)

The combination of an outgoing nature with the curiosity to learn even the minor details, help the Persuader understand things in a more effective way. This individual can judge situations and others based in logic and in his experience in solving problems analyzing and identifying flaws and inconsistencies fast and he can fix them in an inventive or resourceful way. He may have difficulties in managing his time and may become bored with large and complex projects or with in-depth analysis or passive learning. He is able to read other people’s nonverbal communication and to anticipate what other people will say and do.

He focuses on problems that do not require a long-term analysis in order to be solved. He analyzes things fast and he is great at dealing with crisis situations. The rush that risk-taking situations produce is very appealing for the Persuader.  He enjoys crisis management and keeps his options open. He prefers working with active, project oriented people and he is good at getting people to do what he wants. He analyzes things fast, find the best possible solutions in order to fix his mistakes as soon as possible, He is born to be an entrepreneur.

ADVICE

“If you are a Persuader, you lucky as other people trust you. Still, try to accept the views of others more. The fact that you are a smart person and you have a lot of knowledge and experience does not make you unmistakable. You cannot know everything, and you may enrich your knowledge by listening to the views of other people.”

 Some of the famous persuader

  ACTORS & ENTERTAINERS

  • Kevin Spacey, U.S. actor.
  • Jack Nicholson, U.S. actor.
  • Meryl Streep, U.S. actress.
  • Ben Affleck, U.S. actor.
  • Helen Mirren, English actress.
  • Tommy Lee Jones, U.S. actor.
  • Eddie Murphy, U.S. comedian and actor.
  • John Wayne, U.S. actor.
  • David Tennant, Scottish actor.
  • Michael J. Fox, U.S. actor.
  • Samuel L. Jackson, U.S. actor.
  • Judi Dench, English actress.
  • Alfred Hitchcock, English director.
  • Harry Houdini, U.S. magician, escapologist, and psychic investigator.
  • Sylvester Stallone, U.S. actor.
  • Lucille Ball, U.S. actress.
  • Mila Kunis, U.S. actress.
  • Ryan Seacrest, U.S. television host.
  • Antonio Banderas, Spanish actor.
  • Mae West, U.S. actress.
  • Jeremy Clarkson, English television host.
  • Milla Jovovich, U.S. actress.
  • Cybill Shepherd, U.S. actress.
  • Joan Cusack, U.S. actress.
  • Sasha Grey, U.S. adult performer.
  • Traci Lords, U.S. adult performer.

POLITICIANS & WORLD LEADERS

  • James Buchanan, U.S. President.
  • George W. Bush, U.S. President.
  • Winston Churchill, UK prime minister.
  • David Cameron, UK prime minister.
  • Nicholas Sarkozy, French president.
  • George S. Patton, U.S. general.
  • Donald Trump, U.S. businessman and presidential candidate.
  • Malcolm X, U.S. political activist.
  • Eva Peron, Argentine First Lady.
  • Camilla Parker Bowles, English wife of Prince Charles.

ATHLETES

  • Johnny Unitas, U.S. quarterback.
  • John Elway, U.S. quarterback.
  • Babe Didrikson Zaharias, U.S. multi-sport athlete.
  • Mike Tyson, U.S. boxer.
  • Steve Nash, U.S. point guard.
  • Joe Montana, U.S. quarterback.
  • Dan Marino, U.S. quarterback.

WRITERS & PHILOSOPHERS

  • Simon Peter, apostle of Jesus.
  • Ron Hubbard, U.S. author and religious leader.
  • Glenn Beck,S. author and television host.
  • Donatien Alphonse Francois, Marquis de Sade, French aristocrat and writer.
  • Dale Carnegie, U.S. author.
  • Anna Wintour, British fashion editor.
  • Epicurus, Greek philosopher.
  • James “The Amazing” Randi, U.S. skeptic, magician, and author.

CRIMINALS

  • Al Capone, U.S. gangster.

MUSICIANS

  • Kenny Rogers, U.S. country singer and producer.
  • Axl Rose, U.S. singer.
  • Dave Mustaine, U.S. guitarist and singer.
  • Amy Winehouse, English singer.
  • Vince Neil, U.S. singer.
  • Vanilla Ice, U.S. rapper and carpenter.
  • Grace Slick, U.S. singer.
  • Travis Tritt, U.S. singer.

FICTIONAL CHARACTERS

  • Aladdin from Disney’s Aladdin.
  • Satan from Dragonball Z.
  • Peter Pan from Disney’s Peter Pan.
  • Han Solo from Star Wars.
  • Wade Wilson from Deadpool.
  • Gonzo from The Muppets.
  • Jamie Fraser from Outlander.
  • Captain Jack Sparrow from the Pirates of the Caribbean movies.
  • Gimli from The Lord of the Rings.
  • Captain James T. Kirk from Star Trek.
  • Caesar from The Hunger Games.
  • Rhett Butler from Gone with the Wind.
  • Scarlett O’Hara from Gone with the Wind.
  • Ginny Weasley from Harry Potter.
  • Rainbow Dash from My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic.
  • Jaime Lannister from Game of Thrones.
  • Kara “Starbuck” Thrace from Battlestar Galactica.
  • Isobel Crawley from Downton Abbey.
  • Claire Redfield from the Resident Evil franchise.
  • River Song from Doctor Who.
  • Callie Torres from Grey’s Anatomy.
  • Drax from Guardians of the Galaxy.
  • Tom Sawyer
  • Daryl from The Walking Dead

 ESFP – entertainer

“I just like having fun and, you know, sometimes I just like to present myself in that fun energy.” (Katy Parry)

The Entertainer is a flexible, adaptable, approachable and friendly individual. He enjoys life and he loves being surrounded by people and being the center of attention. He is a spontaneous individual who cares about other people’s feelings. He enjoys being the center of attention and does not like to share the spotlight. He enjoys working with other people and dealing with new situations. He may share his feelings and he dislikes being alone. He has trouble with long-term commitments and with meeting the requirements and the deadlines. He enjoys starting a task better than finishing it. He has an amazing sense of humor and, if things get too serious in conversation, he may lighten the mood with a joke or a funny story. He likes to build a strong team spirit of cooperation and be tested in new, unknown situations.

ADVICE

“If you are an entertainer, you are a lucky person. Most people around you say good things about you. You bring laughter, joy to everyone around you and you bring people close. However, you should be careful about the way you express your thoughts about some situations because not all the people are so spontaneous and full of humor as you are. Sometimes, this may cause a misunderstanding and lead to unfortunate situations, and, after all, it is not your purpose.”

 Some of the famous entertainers

  POLITICIANS & WORLD LEADERS

  • William J. Clinton, U.S. President.
  • Ronald Reagan, U.S. President.
  • Dolley Madison, U.S. First Lady.
  • Benito Mussolini, Italian dictator.
  • Peter the Great, Russian czar.
  • Lord Horatio Nelson, English admiral.
  • Idi Amin, Ugandan dictator.

MUSICIANS

  • Katy Perry, U.S. singer.
  • Elvis Presley, U.S. musician.
  • James Brown, U.S. singer and producer.
  • Nicki Minaj, Trinidadian-American rapper.
  • Tommy Lee, U.S. drummer.
  • Ray Charles, U.S. pianist and singer.
  • Pink,S. singer.
  • Dolly Parton, U.S. singer.
  • Rick James, U.S. musician.
  • Adam Levine, U.S. singer.
  • Biggie Smalls (Notorious BIG), U.S. rapper.
  • Justin Bieber, Canadian singer.
  • Miley Cyrus,S. singer.
  • Little Richard, U.S. musician.
  • Macklemore, U.S. hip-hop artist.
  • Robin Thicke, Canadian singer.
  • Ringo Starr, English singer.
  • Paul McCartney, English singer.

BUSINESS

  • Mark Cuban, U.S. entrepreneur and sports team owner.
  • Larry Ellison, U.S. founder of Oracle.
  • Richard Branson, English founder of Virgin.
  • Howard Schultz, U.S. founder of Starbucks.
  • Hugh Hefner, U.S. publisher of Playboy magazine. Source

ACTORS & ENTERTAINERS

  • Leonardo DiCaprio, U.S. actor.
  • Will Smith, U.S. actor.
  • Andy Samberg, U.S. comedian and actor.
  • John Goodman, U.S. actor.
  • Steve Irwin, Australian naturalist and television personality.
  • Chloe Grace Moretz, U.S. actress.
  • Cameron Diaz, U.S. actress.
  • Kathie Lee Gifford,S. television hostess.
  • Lindsay Lohan, U.S. actress.
  • Brittany Murphy, U.S. actress.
  • Willard Scott, U.S. television weatherman.
  • Judy Garland, U.S. singer and actor.
  • Jake Gyllenhaal, U.S. actor.
  • Jamie Oliver, English chef and television host.
  • Bob Hope, U.S. comedian and actor.
  • Zac Efron, U.S. actor.
  • Arsenio Hall, U.S. comedian and talk show host.

ATHLETES

  • Earvin “Magic” Johnson, U.S. point guard.
  • Ken Griffey Jr., U.S. outfielder.
  • Metta World Peace, U.S. small forward.
  • Walter Payton, U.S. running back.
  • Dennis Rodman, U.S. power forward.
  • Serena Williams, U.S. tennis player.
  • Dana White, U.S. promoter of UFC.
  • Adrian Peterson, U.S. running back.
  • Kyle Petty, U.S. NASCAR driver.
  • Mary Lou Retton, U.S. gymnast.

WRITERS & ARTISTS

  • Michelangelo Buonarroti, Italian artist and sculptor.
  • Tony Robbins, U.S. motivational speaker.
  • Deepak Chopra, Indian New Age guru.
  • Wayne Dyer, U.S. self-help author.

FICTIONAL CHARACTERS

  • Homer Simpson from The Simpsons.
  • Daisy Buchanan from The Great Gatsby.
  • Captain Jack Harkness from Doctor Who.
  • Rose from Downton Abbey.
  • Theon Greyjoy from Game of Thrones.
  • Michael Scott from The Office.
  • Fozzie Bear from The Muppets.
  • Anna from Frozen.
  • Penny from The Big Bang Theory.
  • Fred and George Weasley from Harry Potter.
  • Finnick from The Hunger Games.
  • Peregrin “Pippin” Took from The Lord of the Rings.
  • Wicket from Return of the Jedi.
  • Lydia Bennet from Pride and Prejudice.
  • Buu from Dragonball Z.
  • Carrie “Big Boo” Black from Orange Is the New Black.

ISTP – craftsman

“If at first you don’t succeed, try, try again, then quit. There’s no point in being a damn fool about it.” (W.C. Fields)

 

The Craftsman is a courageous, strong-willed and purposeful individual. He enjoys learning things and improving himself by using his skills. He learns things by doing and by experimentation. He is active and he finds passive learning boring. He is usually calm and he is dedicated to his work and he may judge situations and crises based on logic. He is able to quickly decide on the methods he is going to use in order to solve any problems. He avoids collaborating with others as long as they do not always follow the requirements. On the contrary, he enjoys working alone and tends to practice or do an analytical work. The Craftsman is a spontaneous individual and he often juggles several projects at once.

The Craftsman enjoys analyzing and adjusting until he is able to accomplish his goals. He does not like to just do things. He is focused on the present and he is always looking for ways to improve his skills and he is very adept at problem solving.

ADVICE

“If you are a Craftsman, then you are very adept at problem solving. Thus, you may solve problems effectively. You like challenges and changes and you are bored with the same things. It is good to test yourself in new situations, but, you are too committed to achieving your goal and you forget that you are not alone. The fact that you enjoy working alone may isolate you from other people. Try to be less self-reliant, involve other people in your work and work more with them. ”

Some of the famous craftsman

  ACTORS & ENTERTAINERS

  • Clint Eastwood, U.S. actor.
  • Woody Allen, U.S. actor and director.
  • Christian Bale, Welsh actor.
  • James Dean, U.S. actor.
  • Tom Cruise, U.S. actor.
  • Scarlett Johansson, U.S. actress.
  • Ellen Page, Canadian actor.
  • Bruce Lee, Hong Kong martial artist and actor.
  • Bill Murray, U.S. actor.
  • Humphrey Bogart, U.S. actor.
  • Burt Reynolds, U.S. actor.
  • Daniel Craig, English actor.
  • Simon Cowell, English producer and television judge.
  • Demi Moore, U.S. actress.
  • Charles Bronson, U.S. actor.
  • Kristen Stewart, U.S. actor.
  • Jenna Jameson, U.S. adult actor.
  • David Blaine, U.S. magician.
  • Steven Wright, U.S. comedian.
  • Karl Pilkington, English comedian.

POLITICIANS, BUSINESS & WORLD LEADERS

  • Zachary Taylor, U.S. President.
  • The Dalai Lama, Spiritual leader.
  • Vladimir Putin, Russian President.
  • Erwin Rommel, German general.
  • Yulia Tymoshenko, Ukrainian prime minister.
  • Jack Dorsey, U.S. internet entrepreneur.
  • Melania Trump, U.S. first lady.

MUSICIANS

  • Miles Davis, U.S. jazz trumpeter.
  • Frank Sinatra, U.S. singer.
  • Keith Richards, English guitarist.
  • Joe Walsh, U.S. musician.
  • Willie Nelson, U.S. musician.
  • Marshall Mathers (Eminem), U.S. rapper.
  • Lemmy Kilmister, English guitarist.
  • Noel Gallagher, English musician.
  • Joe Strummer, U.S. musician.
  • Snoop Dogg, U.S. rapper.
  • Angus Young, Scottish-Australian guitarist.
  • Glenn Danzig, U.S. musician and producer.
  • Eazy-E, U.S. rapper.

ARTISTS

  • Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter.

ATHLETES

  • Shaquille O’Neal, U.S. center.
  • Larry Bird, U.S. forward.
  • Ted Williams, U.S. left fielder.
  • Ayrton Senna, Brazilian F1 driver.
  • Wayne Gretzky, Canadian center and coach.
  • John McEnroe, U.S. tennis player.
  • Bill Cowher, U.S. coach.
  • Moses Malone, U.S. center.
  • Venus Williams, U.S. tennis player.
  • Phil Ivey, U.S. poker champion.
  • Barry Sanders, U.S. running back.
  • Magnus Carlsen, Norwegian chess grandmaster.

WRITERS & PHILOSOPHERS

  • Diogenes, Greek philosopher.
  • Ernest Hemingway, U.S. author.

ADVENTURERS

  • Chuck Yeager, U.S. Air Force officer and test pilot.
  • Alan Shepard, U.S. astronaut.
  • Sally Ride, U.S. astronaut.
  • Sir Edmund Hillary, English mountain climber.
  • Miyamoto Musashi, Japanese swordsman and author.
  • Amelia Earhart, U.S. pilot.

FICTIONAL CHARACTERS

  • Montgomery “Scotty” Scott from Star Trek.
  • Hughes from Downton Abbey.
  • Baymax from Big Hero 6.
  • Arya Stark from Game of Thrones.
  • Bronn from Game of Thrones.
  • Sandor Clegane from Game of Thrones.
  • Haymitch Abernathy from The Hunger Games.
  • Melinda May from Agents of SHIELD.
  • The Beast from Beauty and the Beast.
  • Garnet from Steven Universe.
  • James Bond
  • Indiana Jones
  • Mad Max
  • Jason Bourne
  • Aragorn from The Lord of the Rings
  • Wolverine

ISFP – artist

“Sometimes is not the strength but gentleness that cracks the hardest shells.” (RichardPaulEvans)

The Artist is a very interesting and bizarre individual. He is artistic, aesthetically inclined and sensitive. He enjoys helping other people and he encourages others. Sometimes, he avoids making decisions hoping for a better opportunity. He is usually a cooperative, low-profile, sensitive individual and he is gentle and considerate to other people’s feelings. He is skilled at using tools and with problem solving and he thrives when he is given the freedom to create. He prefers working in a carefree environment, without any pressure or competition. However, he may work well with cooperative people as he is agreeable and easy to get along with. His workplace is vital.  He dislikes pressure. In addition, he does not like feeling manipulated. Finally, he is … just a mystery; he dislikes talking too much and he prefers acting than talking.

ADVICE

“If you are an Artist, please accept our congratulations. You are a creative individual who inspires many of the people around you. You care about people but you don’t talk about it. You prefer acting than feeling or thinking. On the one hand, this attitude is positive since acting is more important than talking. NEVERTHELESS, try to express your views and your thoughts in order to be accepted, understood and appreciated by others.

Moreover, since you tend to be less powerful than some other personalities, and, since, most of the time, you have less influence on your workplace and this prevents you from making some decisions. You think too much and that makes you avoid making some decisions or you may make them later on. This will make you lose opportunities that are important to you. So you have to take risks  and express your opinion. “

 Some of the famous artist

MUSICIANS

  • Jimi Hendrix, U.S. guitarist and singer.
  • Michael Jackson, U.S. singer and dancer.
  • Prince Rogers Nelson (Prince), U.S. musician and songwriter.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer.
  • Paul McCartney, English musician.
  • Rihanna, Barbadian
  • Britney Spears, U.S. singer.
  • Kurt Cobain, U.S. musician.
  • Bjork, Icelandic singer.
  • Frank Ocean, U.S. singer and rapper.
  • Lana Del Rey, U.S. singer.
  • Mick Jagger, English singer.
  • Lady Gaga, U.S. singer.
  • Liberace,S. pianist.
  • Jim Morrison, U.S. musician.
  • Christina Aguilera, U.S. singer.
  • Andre 3000, U.S. rapper.
  • Sheryl Crow, U.S. singer.
  • Alex Lifeson, Canadian guitarist.
  • Janelle Monae, U.S. singer.
  • Joss Stone, English singer.
  • Pharrell Williams, U.S. singer and rapper.

POLITICIANS & WORLD LEADERS

  • Millard Fillmore, U.S. President.
  • Ulysses S. Grant, U.S. President.
  • Warren Harding, U.S. President.
  • Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, U.S. First Lady.
  • Dan Quayle, U.S. Vice President.
  • Prince Harry of Great Britain.
  • Nero, Emperor of Rome.
  • Marie Antoinette, Queen of France.

ACTORS & FILMMAKERS

  • Marilyn Monroe, U.S. actress.
  • Leni Riefenstahl, German director.
  • Brad Pitt, U.S. actor.
  • Steven Spielberg, U.S. director.
  • Ryan Gosling, U.S. actor.
  • Heath Ledger,S. actor.
  • Fred Astaire, U.S. dancer and actor.
  • Jessica Alba, U.S. actress.
  • Jean Reno, French actor.
  • John Travolta, U.S. actor.
  • Mel Brooks, U.S. director.
  • Monica Bellucci, Italian model and actress.
  • Elizabeth Taylor, U.S. actress.
  • Brooke Shields, U.S. model and actress.
  • Christopher Reeve, U.S. actor.
  • Paris Hilton, U.S. heir and television personality.
  • Doris Day,S. singer and actress.
  • Julie Delpy, French actress.
  • Dita von Teese, U.S. burlesque performer and actress.

ATHLETES

  • David Beckham, English midfielder.
  • Kobe Bryant,S. shooting guard.
  • Warren Moon, U.S. quarterback.
  • Greg Louganis, U.S. diver.
  • Dwyane Wade, U.S. shooting guard.
  • Reggie Wayne, U.S. wide receiver.
  • Mark McGwire, U.S. first baseman and slugger.
  • Yogi Berra, U.S. catcher.

WRITERS

  • Neil Simon, U.S. playwright and screenwriter.
  • Arthur Rimbaud, French poet.
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher and author.

ARTISTS

  • Auguste Rodin, French sculptor.
  • Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter.
  • Paul Gauguin, French painter.
  • Bob Ross, U.S. painter and television personality.

FICTIONAL CHARACTERS

  • Princess Aurora from Sleeping Beauty.
  • Wilifred Mott from Doctor Who.
  • Edith Crawley from Downton Abbey.
  • Samwell Tarly from Game of Thrones.
  • Hagrid from Harry Potter.
  • Seneca from The Hunger Games.
  • Legolas from The Lord of the Rings.
  • Rolf from The Muppets.
  • Bail Organa from Star Wars.
  • Android 16 from Dragonball Z.
  • Meredith Grey from Grey’s Anatomy.
  • Jessica Jones from Jessica Jones.
  • Pip from Charles Dickens’s Great Expectations.
  • Rose from Titanic.
  • Groot from Guardians of the Galaxy.
  • Zoidberg from Futurama.

 

Conclusion…

As observed above, each personality type has specificities and specific traits that make it unique and different from any other personality type. That proves that personality is not a simple construct but a synthesis of multiple elements that, due to each individual’s living conditions and experiences, come to surface creating unique individuals.

Who are we really? Are we really who we think we are? Why are we what we are? Can we change who we are? So, learn yourself better and use this knowledge in order to have a better and more positive and advantageous life. This information is the key to understanding behaviors and, eventually, to the importance of personality formation and development.

If you want to know what personality category you are classified in, follow the link below and do the personality test.

[1] Jung, C. G. (1971). Psychological types (Collected works of C. G. Jung, volume 6, Chapter X)

[2] Briggs Myers, I. (1980, 1995) Gifts Differing: Understanding Personality Type

 

More information about

 

Would you like to learn more about topics of the personalities? Then please check out the links right down below:

 

Please rate this

Personality Development			No ratings yet.

Personality Development No ratings yet.

Personality Development

 

As regards the way psychology develops, Sigmund Freud, who has been well-known to all of us, has given his own touch, especially by addressing personality disorders. Through clinical examination of his patients, Freud found out that, besides life that man knows and that is conscious, there is another side of the individual that is hidden in the emotional and the unconscious motives of the individual. Heiceberg compares this theory with an iceberg having two sides. The top of the iceberg that you can see above the water represents the conscious mind. The part of the iceberg that is submerged below the water but is still visible is the preconscious. The bulk of the iceberg that lies unseen beneath the waterline represents the unconscious. When Freud refers to the unconscious, this contains all of the repressed passions, thoughts, memories, feelings and wishes of which we are aware at any given moment.  Due to the volume of these unconscious forces, there is a significant impact on the individual’s frame of mind and, in general terms, on the individual’s life.

“The only person with whom you have to compare yourself is you in the past.” -Freud

So, when we refer to the personality theory of Freud, it’s the individual’s unconscious mind theory of Freud we refer to.

The Freudian Theory

 

The Freudian thought and theory are complicated since they have neither a beginning nor an end. It’s a lasting effort that is renewed, from time to time, continuously. It’s a major, imperfect answer to the issue that is raised: what is the cause of our actions? How and why does our mental life work in this way?

According to Freud, personality has a psychobiological aspect that embodies the model of its physiology and the notion of its drives. Freud compares the model of neurology’s reflex arc with the individual’s psychic apparatus.

Interpretation of the Freudian Theory

 

In order to understand this, we should explain and analyze certain things. In mental life, tension is never over. Whether we want it or not, from the moment we are born, we are constantly under psychic tension. In the case of psychic apparatus, the stimulation, either from the external environment or from our inner world, is always internal in the psychic apparatus, as psychic “imprints” are created and established there forever. To put it simply, anything that invades our subconscious, our psychic apparatus, as stimulation, remains there and shapes or changes an individual’s behavior. In this case, Freud speaks of the “representation of drives”.

This representation is always in a extremely intense state of excitement which cannot be eliminated. The individual keeps trying to discharge and, when referring to the failure to complete this process, Freud speaks of “the dissatisfaction”; moreover, this tension discharge is called “the pleasure”.

“Every next level of your life will demand a different version of you.” – Leonardo DiCaprio

 The role of the psychic apparatus

 

Unlike the neurology’s reflex arc, the psychic apparatus is never in a state of absolute pleasure. This is because the tension is triggered again and again and because the psychic apparatus cannot stop the excitation in a simple move, as in the reflex arc of our nervous system, but the excitation san only be transferred and during this transfer certain pieces of this excitation can change or be eliminated. However, even if this happens, it does not allow the total energy discharge.

ego In other words, our unconscious system has the task of having the tension discharged as quickly as possible as well as of trying to reach absolute pleasure. This can be done through fantasies or dreams, through representations of images and memory traces. The partial discharge may also involve thought, memory, judgment and attention. The unconscious representations of things do not accept very often the pressures of reason, reality or time.

This means that Freud noticed that if the mental energy is linked to traumatic/negative experiences, the individual will try to work them through, process them and repress them. That is what the individual achieves to some extent by working personally on it. However, negative memory remains always active, and it is perceived in the processes, decisions or ways of thinking, etc.

Anyway, Freud has conceived the figure of conscious-preconscious-unconscious, where preconscious is related to data that can readily be brought to consciousness without any particular effort.

“Different people bring out different aspects of one’s personality.” –Trevor Dunn

 Changes and developments in Freud’s research

 

Then, Freud has made some changes regarding this triad, by introducing the idea that the psyche is structured into three parts: Id or It, Ego or I and Superego.

 

  • “Id or It” (Es) – the oldest and the most primitive psychic agency, representing the biological foundations of personality; it is the impulsive (and unconscious) part of our psyche which responds directly and immediately to the instincts and the biological needs;
  • “Ego or I” (Ich)[1], is the component of personality that is responsible for dealing with reality; it is working by reason, operating according to the reality principle as it is based on rational thinking;
  • “Superego or Above I” (Über-Ich) holds all of our internalized moral standards and ideals that we acquire from both parents and society; it is the source of moral censorship and conscience.

According to Freud, Id, Ego and Superego are dynamic, connected always interacting within a person to influence an individual’s overall personality and behavior.

The mental life, which creates the individual’s personality and changes it with every new element that emerges, depends on the other beings with which each individual lives and connects with; it depends, thus, on the individual’s immediate environment.

In the closing words of Freud’s short essay “An Autobiographical Study, a work that was published in 1925 (1925d, S.E.XX, p. 70), he reflects: «Looking back, then, over a patchwork of my life’s labors, I can say that I have made my beginnings and have thrown out my suggestions. Something will come of them in the future, though I cannot myself tell whether it will be much or little. I can, however, express a hope that I have opened up a pathway for an important advance in our knowledge”.

 “An attitude of positive expectation is the mark of superior personality.” – Brian Trac

Viewpoints regarding Freudian Theory

 

The researches that have been carried out and which are still being carried out later on have definitely common elements as well as new ones. Somewhere along the way, τhere were many researchers who questioned Freud’s theory; however, there were also others who supported the Freudian Theory, by providing additional information.

In 1963, during a speech, Dr Reuben Fine argued that, as scientists, they should not weigh in the Freudian Theory; they should try to build on what he left behind.

“I believe that the core of Freud’s thought has stood up well, and forms one essential basis of modern clinical psychology. This, however, by no means implies that all of what he said must be uncritically accepted because ipse dixit. Much has had to be altered, revised or enlarged. Yet it is amazing how often we are driven back to the positions which he took…Basically, we are all Freudians, no matter what name we are called… By building on Freud’s fundamental insights, we can move on most readily to empirical insights, and, thus, construct a more satisfactory science of psychology”.

In short…

 

Over the years, there are many versions of the personality definition and interpretation. New researches, modern machines and psychological tests constantly evolve in order to discover all the aspects of personality. According to the latest research on the personality issue, important elements are found out and these new findings may help us to perceive this notion. What can be defined with great precision is that:

  • Personality is stable over short intervals of time, but, over longer intervals of time, it usually changes due to traumas or life changes. As American psychologists Randy Larsen και David Buss point out:

 “Personality is in short term a stable, and in long term unstable organized collection of psychological traits and mechanisms in the human being that influences his or her interactions with and modifications to the psychological, social and physical environment surrounding them.” – Randy Larsen and David Buss

  • Personality is divided into multiple elements, attributes and traits which are categorized as the research develops;
  • Personality is an integral part of an individual. From the moment the individual is born till the moment the individual dies, personality affects the individual’s feelings and thoughts, being perceived through the attitudes at various stages of life;
  • The purpose of the individual’s personality is to deal with situations, and in general, to survive;
  • The individual’s psychic tension is not completely over; it is never in absolute pleasure, it is omnipresent, changing the individual’s behavior, when something invades the individual’s subconscious, the individual’s psychic apparatus as an excitement.

Personality is a set of traits that reflect the way an individual behaves, making this individual unique, like no other person.

Who are we really? Are we really who we think we are? Why are we what we are? Can we change who we are? So, learn yourself better and use this knowledge in order to have a better and more positive and advantageous life. This information is the key to understanding behaviors and, eventually, to the importance of personality formation and development.

If you want to know what personality category you are classified in, follow the link below and do the personality test.

 

 

[1] The ‘Ego’ is ‘that part of the id which has been modified by the direct influence of the external world.’ (Freud, The ego and the id. SE, 19: 1-66, p.25). Freud compared the ‘Id’ to a horse and the ‘Ego’ to the horse’s rider. The horse provides the power and motion, yet the rider provides the direction and guidance. Without its rider, the horse may simply wander wherever it wished and do whatever it pleased. The rider instead gives the horse directions and commands to guide it in the direction he or she wishes to go (Freud, The ego and the id. SE, 19: 1-66, p.15).

 

More information about

 

Would you like to learn more about topics of the personalities? Then please check out the links right down below:

 

Please rate this

Pin It on Pinterest