The truth behind Alexander’s the Great Grave
Alexander the Great, the ancient Greek leader, was, undoubtedly, one of the most important personalities of the ancient world. In ancient Greece, Alexander was the man who united the distinct races and during his conquers, the Greek culture spreaded in a great part of the ancient world.
In Persia, he became widely known as the most significant of the opponents. Until today, the countries he had crossed still narrate stories, regarding his achievements. Alexander is definitely an immortal legend.
Indeed, in Asia, there are still races that consider themselves as descendants of Alexander.
A legendary life
Furthermore, in regards to his legendary life, nowadays, another peculiar story came to surface. A British researcher, called Andrew Chug, claims that he has found Alexander’s grave. Although in his narration, there are some fragments of truth and a logical connection, his charming story reminds of a fairy-tale. Surely, the story needs to be clarified.
When on 334 B.C. Alexander established his domination in the ancient Greek world, he started his campaign against the Persian Empire. He thrived in the battlefield, and he reached India, where he defeated Poros in the battle of Ydaspi in 326 BC. His strategy was to continue the military campaign, but his generals refused.
Therefore, Alexander accepted to travel back to Greece. Meanwhile, when he arrived to Babylon, he began to strategically organize, in order to to conquer the Arabic Peninsula. Unfortunately, he did not manage to conclude his plans. In particular, on June 10th, he died. The causes of his death are unknown, until now. A possible version is that he suffered from malaria. It is said that before his death he led a mission in the Side Rivers of the Euphrates, which was full of infected insects.
Consequently, his generals wished to transfer his dead body to his homeland, Macedonia, but never succeeded to accomplish the mission. In addition, after Alexander’s death, a severe conflict out broke between the generals, in regards with the succession.
Ptolemaios, one of the closest friends of Alexander, took his dead body from Egypt and transferred it to Memphis. Later, the sun of Ptolemaios constructed a glorious mausoleum in Alexandria, in order to place the corpse of Alexander. Furthermore, the body remained in Alexandria for almost 6 centuries, and became a subject of great honor.
Famous Romans, such as Julian Caesar and August Caesar, visited the famous mausoleum, in order to pay tribute to the great personality of antiquity. Almost every famous person of the era visited Alexandria, to see the mausoleum of Alexander the Great.
In 215 A.C, the emperor Karakala closed the grave for the public. Traces of the mausoleum are found in Patriarch Gregorio’s references. In particular, in 361 AC, the Orthodox Patriarch claimed that the mausoleum was still intact. Nevertheless, in 365 AC, Alexandria suffered by a severe earthquake and the holy place had been ruined.
Some years later, at the end of that century, it was said that despite the devastation, the body of Alexander was still buried in the same place. After a while, John Chrysostomos claimed that the inhabitants of Alexandria did not actually know, where the body was. Theodoritos, some decades later, supported that conviction. Therefore, we can say with certainty that Alexander’s body is missing, since the end of the 4th century.
The mystery about his body
What did really happened to the body? Some historians say that from the time that the Roman Empire passed to Byzantium, the devoted Christians ruined many monuments and pieces of art that reminded the Roman era.
But the body of Alexander the Great didn’t acquire the same treatment. After a meticulous research and despite that belief, James Hannam had proved that the belief that Christians ruined everything, reminded the glorious days of the Roman Empire, is nothing more than a myth, although widespread.
After these circumstances, what did really happen to Alexander’s body?
There is a possibility that after the establishment of Christianity in Egypt, the visits to his grave considered inappropriate, so they hid the body to a crypt near the devastated mausoleum. A hypothesis has been made, in regards to the precise location of Alexander’s grave, rising great expectations and trigger the imagination.
Within the years, many archaeologists have been disproved and many scientists ignored some significant historic points and sources. The truth is that there are a lot of theories, regarding the location, as to where Alexander is buried. Some of them are mentioned below.
The district ‘Kom el Dikka’ in Alexandria
One of the most recent hypothesis, came to surface in May of 2017. According to Polonaise archaeologists and historians, a sarcophagus located in an ancient Christian temple, in the heart of Alexandria attributed to Alexander’s grave.
In concrete, they found a mausoleum, a true masterpiece of art, constructed with gold, placed in an ancient temple, in a distance of 60 meters from the famous mosque named Nabi Daniel. According to the Arabic tradition, the grave of Alexander the Great is located in this place, therefore excavations are still taking place.
Under the mosque Nabi Daniel
The tour guide, Ambroise Shilizzi, supported that the sarcophagus is placed in the underground thalamus of the mosque. He came to that conclusion, by looking out a keyhole in the year 1850. Fifteen years later, Heinrich Schliemann arrived at Alexandria, in order to begin excavation in the district around the mosque. Finally, he did not manage to receive the permission by the Egyptian state.
Saint Marcus, Venice
There was also a hypothesis that the corpse of Alexander the Great had been transferred to Venice, by mistake, when a couple of Venetian traders presumed that the body belonged to Saint Marcus. Undoubtedly, this is an allegation proved not to be the truth.
Within the sarcophagus of the Pharaoh Nectanebo the second
Another study said that Alexander’s grave had been ruined, when the persecutions by Christians took place in Alexandria, in the beginning of the 5th century. It was assumed, that the body had been hidden in the empty sarcophagus of the Pharaoh Nectanebo.
Many expected that the grave, which was discovered in the district of ‘Amphipolis,” located in Northern Greece, seemed to be the holy ground of the Macedonian king. Nevertheless, according to references, the capital city of the Macedonian kingdom was ‘Aiges’, while there is no mention about Amphipolis. Indeed, the case suspended and disappointment was spread to the scientific community.
The secret about Alexander’s Grave came to light
Nevertheless, there is a testimony of a woman, who was involved in the process of the excavation in Egypt, trailing the grave of Alexander. In particular, she emphasized that she got pressure to conclude the processes, and added that behind these decisions, there were concrete states. higher political purposes and interests were woven.
Who are those who won’t and why won’t they reveal the grave of Alexander the Great?
A question that has to be answered.
Undoubtedly the legendary king of Macedonia, Alexander the Great, is still haunting the archaeological community around the world. The story will be continued.
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